The compression pathway of quartz

Richard M. Thompson, Robertrt T. Downs, Przemyslaw Dera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The structure of quartz over the temperature domain (298 K, 1078 K) and pressure domain (0 GPa, 20.25 GPa) is compared to the following three hypothetical quartz crystals: (1) Ideal a-quartz with perfectly regular tetrahedra and the same volume and Si-O-Si angle as its observed equivalent (ideal ß-quartz has Si-O-Si angle fixed at 155.6°). (2) Model a-quartz with the same Si-O-Si angle and cell parameters as its observed equivalent, derived from ideal by altering the axial ratio. (3) BCC quartz with a perfectly body-centered cubic arrangement of oxygen anions and the same volume as its observed equivalent. Comparison of experimental data recorded in the literature for quartz with these hypothetical crys-tal structures shows that quartz becomes more ideal as temperature increases, more BCC as pressure increases, and that model quartz is a very good representation of observed quartz under all conditions. This is consistent with the hypothesis that quartz compresses through Si-O-Si angle-bending, which is resisted by anion-anion repulsion resulting in increasing distortion of the c/a axial ratio from ideal as temperature decreases and/or pressure increases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1495-1502
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume96
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011

Keywords

  • BCC quartz
  • Brazil law twins
  • Crystal structure
  • Dauphiné twin
  • High-pressure studies
  • High-temperature studies
  • Ideal quartz
  • Model quartz

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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