The control of cell expansion, cell division, and vascular development by brassinosteroids: A historical perspective

Man Ho Oh, Saxon H. Honey, Frans E. Tax

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Steroid hormones are important signaling molecules in plants and animals. The plant steroid hormone brassinosteroids were first isolated and characterized in the 1970s and have been studied since then for their functions in plant growth. Treatment of plants or plant cells with brassinosteroids revealed they play important roles during diverse developmental processes, including control of cell expansion, cell division, and vascular differentiation. Molecular genetic studies, primarily in Arabidopsis thaliana, but increasingly in many other plants, have identified many genes involved in brassinosteroid biosynthesis and responses. Here we review the roles of brassinosteroids in cell expansion, cell division, and vascular differentiation, comparing the early physiological studies with more recent results of the analysis of mutants in brassinosteroid biosynthesis and signaling genes. A few representative examples of other molecular pathways that share developmental roles with brassinosteroids are described, including pathways that share functional overlap or response components with the brassinosteroid pathway. We conclude by briefly discussing the origin and conservation of brassinosteroid signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1743
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

Keywords

  • Arabidopsis thaliana
  • Brassinosteroids
  • Cell division
  • Cell elongation
  • Cell expansion
  • Vascular differentiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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