The coordination numbers of Na and K atoms in low albite and microcline as determined from a procrystal electron-density distribution

Robert T. Downs, Aaron Andalman, Marc Hudacsko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Procrystal models for the electron-density distributions of low albite and microcline were constructed by placing spherically averaged Clementi-Roetti atomic wave functions at experimentally observed atomic positions. The topography of the model electron-density distribution was analyzed to locate (3,-1) critical points between the Na or K positions and the positions of the surrounding framework O atoms. Because the number of (3,-1) critical points associated with a given atom corresponds with its coordination number, the analysis indicated that Na is fivefold and K is sevenfold coordinated. In particular, the results indicate that the Oco atom in low albite is not coordinated with Na, whereas in microcline it is coordinated with K. This suggests that in low albite the Oco atom is underbonded and thus a possible hydrophilic site, whereas in microcline the bonding requirements of Oco are satisfied. Details of the local bonding explain the effects of pressure, H, and H2O on ordering of Al and Si, as well as compressibility systematics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1344-1349
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume81
Issue number11-12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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