The cytoplasmic domain of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) receptor α subunit is essential for both GM-CSF-mediated growth and differentiation

Tetsuya Matsuguchi, Yanming Zhao, Michael B. Lilly, Andrew S. Kraft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) regulates differentiation, survival, and proliferation of colony-forming unit- granulocyte-macrophage progenitor cells. The biologic actions of GM-CSF are mediated by binding to a specific receptor consisting of two chains designated as α and β subunits. We have demonstrated that the murine FDC- P1-derived cell line WT-19 transfected with the human GM-CSF receptor and β subunits (GM-CSFRα and β) can be induced to differentiate by the addition of human GM-CSF (hGM-CSF). By expressing a series of GM-CSFRα mutants in WT19 cells, we have determined the amino acid domains of the GM-CSFRα cytoplasmic domain that regulate cell differentiation, proliferation, and survival. We found that the membrane proximal proline-rich domain and adjacent 16 residues are essential for both hGM-CSF-dependent cell proliferation and differentiation. In contrast, the C-terminal region of the GM-CSFRα cytoplasmic domain was not necessary for cell differentiation mediated by hGM-CSF, but the removal of this region severely impaired the ability of hGM-CSF to support cell survival. While the activation of JAK2, Shc, Erk, and STAT5 proteins correlated with hGM-CSF-mediated cell growth, cellular differentiation occurred in the absence of activation of these signal transduction pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17450-17459
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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