The DEAD-box RNA helicase Ded1 has a role in the translational response to TORC1 inhibition

Peyman P. Aryanpur, David M. Renner, Emily Rodela, Telsa M. Mittelmeier, Aaron Byrd, Timothy A. Bolger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ded1 is a DEAD-box RNA helicase with essential roles in translation initiation. It binds to the eukaryotic initiation factor 4F (eIF4F) complex and promotes 48S preinitiation complex assembly and start-site scanning of 5′ untranslated regions of mRNAs. Most prior studies of Ded1 cellular function were conducted in steady-state conditions during nutrient-rich growth. In this work, however, we examine its role in the translational response during target of rapamycin (TOR)C1 inhibition and identify a novel function of Ded1 as a translation repressor. We show that C-terminal mutants of DED1 are defective in down-regulating translation following TORC1 inhibition using rapamycin. Furthermore, following TORC1 inhibition, eIF4G1 normally dissociates from translation complexes and is degraded, and this process is attenuated in mutant cells. Mapping of the functional requirements for Ded1 in this translational response indicates that Ded1 enzymatic activity and interaction with eIF4G1 are required, while homo-oligomerization may be dispensable. Our results are consistent with a model wherein Ded1 stalls translation and specifically removes eIF4G1 from translation preinitiation complexes, thus removing eIF4G1 from the translating mRNA pool and leading to the codegradation of both proteins. Shared features among DED1 orthologues suggest that this role is conserved and may be implicated in pathologies such as oncogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2171-2184
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume30
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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