The destruction of benzene by calcium peroxide activated with Fe(II) in water

Yunfei Xue, Xiaogang Gu, Shuguang Lu, Zhouwei Miao, Mark L Brusseau, Minhui Xu, Xiaori Fu, Xiang Zhang, Zhaofu Qiu, Qian Sui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations


The ability of Fe(II)-activated calcium peroxide (CaO2) to remove benzene is examined with a series of batch experiments. The results showed that benzene concentrations were reduced by 20-100% within 30 min. The magnitude of removal was dependent on the CaO2/Fe(II)/Benzene molar ratio, with much greater destruction observed for ratios of 4/4/1 or greater. An empirical equation was developed to quantify the destruction rate dependence on reagent composition. The presence of oxidative hydroxyl radicals (HO) and reductive radicals (primarily O2 -) was identified by probe compound testing and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) tests. The results of the EPR tests indicated that the application of CaO2/Fe(II) enabled the radical intensity to remain steady for a relatively long time. The effect of initial solution pH was also investigated, and CaO2/Fe(II) enabled benzene removal over a wide pH range of 3.0-9.0. The results of radical scavenging tests showed that benzene removal occurred primarily by HO oxidation in the CaO2/Fe(II) system, although reductive radicals also contributed. The intermediates in benzene destruction were identified to be phenol and biphenyl. The results indicate that Fe(II)-activated CaO2 is a feasible approach for treatment of benzene in contaminated groundwater remediation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-193
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
StatePublished - Oct 15 2016


  • Benzene
  • Calcium peroxide
  • Ferrous iron
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry

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