The development of interlanguage pragmatics in L2 Arabic: The production of apology strategies

Khaled Al Masaeed, Linda R Waugh, Katharine E. Burns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study investigated apology strategies in formal and informal situations of American university students learning Arabic as a foreign language (AFL) in the United States. Data were collected from spoken discourse completion tasks for 15 Arabic native speakers and 45 university students from three different proficiency levels. The findings show that there is a positive relationship between an increase in proficiency level and the production of apology strategies as well as between level of proficiency and approximation of native speakers’ (NSs) apology strategy production norms. Learners in general used more statements of regret than the NS group did. Unlike what previous studies posit, the findings show that lower proficiency learners have the tendency to produce more explicit apologies than those at a higher proficiency. Results also demonstrate that verbosity was salient in oral production, which is at odds with previous claims that it tends to occur only in learners’ written responses. In addition, findings show that the NS group tends to provide vague explanations when offering apologies, whereas the learners prefer to provide specific reasons for their offense. The study also discusses pedagogical implications for teaching apologies in L2 Arabic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)98-108
Number of pages11
JournalSystem
Volume74
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Fingerprint

pragmatics
university
foreign language
Group
student
offense
discourse
Teaching
learning
Proficiency
Apology Strategies
Interlanguage Pragmatics
Native Speaker
Apology

Keywords

  • Apology strategies
  • Interlanguage pragmatics
  • L2 Arabic
  • Pragmatic competence
  • Proficiency levels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

The development of interlanguage pragmatics in L2 Arabic : The production of apology strategies. / Al Masaeed, Khaled; Waugh, Linda R; Burns, Katharine E.

In: System, Vol. 74, 01.06.2018, p. 98-108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{5c44c0ac72d5404f88a75ab2a6a8af3b,
title = "The development of interlanguage pragmatics in L2 Arabic: The production of apology strategies",
abstract = "This study investigated apology strategies in formal and informal situations of American university students learning Arabic as a foreign language (AFL) in the United States. Data were collected from spoken discourse completion tasks for 15 Arabic native speakers and 45 university students from three different proficiency levels. The findings show that there is a positive relationship between an increase in proficiency level and the production of apology strategies as well as between level of proficiency and approximation of native speakers’ (NSs) apology strategy production norms. Learners in general used more statements of regret than the NS group did. Unlike what previous studies posit, the findings show that lower proficiency learners have the tendency to produce more explicit apologies than those at a higher proficiency. Results also demonstrate that verbosity was salient in oral production, which is at odds with previous claims that it tends to occur only in learners’ written responses. In addition, findings show that the NS group tends to provide vague explanations when offering apologies, whereas the learners prefer to provide specific reasons for their offense. The study also discusses pedagogical implications for teaching apologies in L2 Arabic.",
keywords = "Apology strategies, Interlanguage pragmatics, L2 Arabic, Pragmatic competence, Proficiency levels",
author = "{Al Masaeed}, Khaled and Waugh, {Linda R} and Burns, {Katharine E.}",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.system.2018.03.001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "74",
pages = "98--108",
journal = "System",
issn = "0346-251X",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The development of interlanguage pragmatics in L2 Arabic

T2 - The production of apology strategies

AU - Al Masaeed, Khaled

AU - Waugh, Linda R

AU - Burns, Katharine E.

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - This study investigated apology strategies in formal and informal situations of American university students learning Arabic as a foreign language (AFL) in the United States. Data were collected from spoken discourse completion tasks for 15 Arabic native speakers and 45 university students from three different proficiency levels. The findings show that there is a positive relationship between an increase in proficiency level and the production of apology strategies as well as between level of proficiency and approximation of native speakers’ (NSs) apology strategy production norms. Learners in general used more statements of regret than the NS group did. Unlike what previous studies posit, the findings show that lower proficiency learners have the tendency to produce more explicit apologies than those at a higher proficiency. Results also demonstrate that verbosity was salient in oral production, which is at odds with previous claims that it tends to occur only in learners’ written responses. In addition, findings show that the NS group tends to provide vague explanations when offering apologies, whereas the learners prefer to provide specific reasons for their offense. The study also discusses pedagogical implications for teaching apologies in L2 Arabic.

AB - This study investigated apology strategies in formal and informal situations of American university students learning Arabic as a foreign language (AFL) in the United States. Data were collected from spoken discourse completion tasks for 15 Arabic native speakers and 45 university students from three different proficiency levels. The findings show that there is a positive relationship between an increase in proficiency level and the production of apology strategies as well as between level of proficiency and approximation of native speakers’ (NSs) apology strategy production norms. Learners in general used more statements of regret than the NS group did. Unlike what previous studies posit, the findings show that lower proficiency learners have the tendency to produce more explicit apologies than those at a higher proficiency. Results also demonstrate that verbosity was salient in oral production, which is at odds with previous claims that it tends to occur only in learners’ written responses. In addition, findings show that the NS group tends to provide vague explanations when offering apologies, whereas the learners prefer to provide specific reasons for their offense. The study also discusses pedagogical implications for teaching apologies in L2 Arabic.

KW - Apology strategies

KW - Interlanguage pragmatics

KW - L2 Arabic

KW - Pragmatic competence

KW - Proficiency levels

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042913129&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042913129&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.system.2018.03.001

DO - 10.1016/j.system.2018.03.001

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85042913129

VL - 74

SP - 98

EP - 108

JO - System

JF - System

SN - 0346-251X

ER -