The developmental trajectory of nonadjacent dependency learning

Rebecca L Gomez, Jessica Maye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

150 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the developmental trajectory of nonadjacent dependency learning in an artificial language. Infants were exposed to 1 of 2 artificial languages with utterances of the form [aXc or bXd] (Grammar 1) or [aXd or bXc] (Grammar 2). In both languages, the grammaticality of an utterance depended on the relation between the 1st and 3rd elements, whereas the intervening element varied freely. High variability of the middle element is known to contribute to perception of nonadjacent dependencies (Gómez, 2002), but the developmental trajectory of such learning is unknown. Experiment 1 replicated the study of Gómez with a younger age group and a more subtle variability manipulation. Twelve-month-olds failed to track nonadjacent dependencies under conditions tested here (Experiments 2a and 2b), but by 15 months, infants are beginning to track this structure (Experiment 3). Such learning has implications for understanding how infants might begin to acquire similar structure in natural language.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-206
Number of pages24
JournalInfancy
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

Fingerprint

Language
Learning
Age Groups
Dependency (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

The developmental trajectory of nonadjacent dependency learning. / Gomez, Rebecca L; Maye, Jessica.

In: Infancy, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2005, p. 183-206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gomez, Rebecca L ; Maye, Jessica. / The developmental trajectory of nonadjacent dependency learning. In: Infancy. 2005 ; Vol. 7, No. 2. pp. 183-206.
@article{f43cb5c9d93243c982432253a4900bbf,
title = "The developmental trajectory of nonadjacent dependency learning",
abstract = "We investigated the developmental trajectory of nonadjacent dependency learning in an artificial language. Infants were exposed to 1 of 2 artificial languages with utterances of the form [aXc or bXd] (Grammar 1) or [aXd or bXc] (Grammar 2). In both languages, the grammaticality of an utterance depended on the relation between the 1st and 3rd elements, whereas the intervening element varied freely. High variability of the middle element is known to contribute to perception of nonadjacent dependencies (G{\'o}mez, 2002), but the developmental trajectory of such learning is unknown. Experiment 1 replicated the study of G{\'o}mez with a younger age group and a more subtle variability manipulation. Twelve-month-olds failed to track nonadjacent dependencies under conditions tested here (Experiments 2a and 2b), but by 15 months, infants are beginning to track this structure (Experiment 3). Such learning has implications for understanding how infants might begin to acquire similar structure in natural language.",
author = "Gomez, {Rebecca L} and Jessica Maye",
year = "2005",
doi = "10.1207/s15327078in0702_4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
pages = "183--206",
journal = "Infancy",
issn = "1525-0008",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The developmental trajectory of nonadjacent dependency learning

AU - Gomez, Rebecca L

AU - Maye, Jessica

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - We investigated the developmental trajectory of nonadjacent dependency learning in an artificial language. Infants were exposed to 1 of 2 artificial languages with utterances of the form [aXc or bXd] (Grammar 1) or [aXd or bXc] (Grammar 2). In both languages, the grammaticality of an utterance depended on the relation between the 1st and 3rd elements, whereas the intervening element varied freely. High variability of the middle element is known to contribute to perception of nonadjacent dependencies (Gómez, 2002), but the developmental trajectory of such learning is unknown. Experiment 1 replicated the study of Gómez with a younger age group and a more subtle variability manipulation. Twelve-month-olds failed to track nonadjacent dependencies under conditions tested here (Experiments 2a and 2b), but by 15 months, infants are beginning to track this structure (Experiment 3). Such learning has implications for understanding how infants might begin to acquire similar structure in natural language.

AB - We investigated the developmental trajectory of nonadjacent dependency learning in an artificial language. Infants were exposed to 1 of 2 artificial languages with utterances of the form [aXc or bXd] (Grammar 1) or [aXd or bXc] (Grammar 2). In both languages, the grammaticality of an utterance depended on the relation between the 1st and 3rd elements, whereas the intervening element varied freely. High variability of the middle element is known to contribute to perception of nonadjacent dependencies (Gómez, 2002), but the developmental trajectory of such learning is unknown. Experiment 1 replicated the study of Gómez with a younger age group and a more subtle variability manipulation. Twelve-month-olds failed to track nonadjacent dependencies under conditions tested here (Experiments 2a and 2b), but by 15 months, infants are beginning to track this structure (Experiment 3). Such learning has implications for understanding how infants might begin to acquire similar structure in natural language.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=20444435905&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=20444435905&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1207/s15327078in0702_4

DO - 10.1207/s15327078in0702_4

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:20444435905

VL - 7

SP - 183

EP - 206

JO - Infancy

JF - Infancy

SN - 1525-0008

IS - 2

ER -