Located between the Bangong-Nujiang suture zone and the Qiangtang Block in central Tibet, the Najiangco area (~5 km to the north of Nima-Selinco) contains an Upper Jurassic-Lower Cretaceous sedimentary succession deposited during a period of marine regression. The youngest marine sedimentary unit in the Najiangco area is the Upper Jurassic Shamuluo Formation, which consists of sandstone, limestone, siltstone, and shale. Sedimentary facies analysis shows that tidal flat and subtidal lagoonal facies characterized the northern margin of the basin, while delta front and prodelta facies dominated the middle part, and carbonate shoal and patch reef facies prevailed along the southern margin. Provenance analysis, including petrographic modal analysis of sandstones and U-Pb dating of detrital zircons, shows that a recycled orogen in the central Qiangtang to the north of Najiangco area was the source of the sandstones in the Shamuluo Formation. Biostratigraphy and U-Pb zircon dating of a porphyritic granitoid dike (151 ± 2 Ma) indicate that the Shamuluo Formation was deposited during the Late Jurassic (Oxfordian to Kimmeridgian). During Middle Jurassic time, the southern Qiangtang Basin was dominated by shallow-marine environments. Later, during the Late Jurassic (Oxfordian to Kimmeridgian), the shallow-marine facies retreated to the southern margin of the basin. Combined with regional paleogeographic data from central Tibet, two stages of southward retreat of the Qiangtang remnant sea, and three stages of topographic uplift of the Qiangtang Block can be recognized during late Middle Jurassic to Early Cretaceous time.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Earth-Surface Processes