The Early Eocene Climatic Optimum at the Lower Section of the Lumbrera Formation (Ypresian, Salta Province, Northwestern Argentina): Origin and Early Diversification of the Cingulata

Juan Carlos Fernicola, Ana N. Zimicz, Laura Chornogubsky, Mihai Ducea, Laura E. Cruz, Mariano Bond, Michelle Arnal, Magalí Cárdenas, Mercedes Fernández

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recently, the basal beds of the lower section of the Lumbrera Formation have been referred to the early Eocene (Ypresian) based on the identification of a succession of hyperthermal events globally dated between 52 and 55 Ma. Nevertheless, this section have also been referred to the middle Eocene (Lutetian) based on the ‘evolutionary stage’ of its fossil mammals. In this contribution, we present a new 238U-206Pb isochron age (46.2 Ma) obtained from samples taken on various independent points across paleosol and matrix positioned at the top of the lower section of the Lumbrera Formation. The new age is consistent with the hyperthermal scheme and constrains the deposition of the lower section of the Lumbrera Fm. between 55–46.2 Ma. In this new geochronological framework, we present one of the most ancient cingulate assemblages from America, recorded during the early Eocene hyperthermal. The specimens involved were recovered from the lowest levels of the lower section of the Lumbrera Formation at Los Cardones National Park, Calchaquí Valleys, Salta Province, Argentina. This cingulate assemblage is formed by the armadillos Pucatherium parvum, a species widely distributed in the Eocene of northwestern Argentina and a new taxon, Noatherium emilioi, gen. et sp. nov. In this new geochronological framework, the taxonomic composition and morphological variations observed in the two species described here and their probably contemporaneous Riostegotherium yanei from the Itaboraí basin (Brazil) support an early diversification of the Cingulata during the Paleocene, and reinforce an intertropical origin for the group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Mammalian Evolution
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Cingulates
  • Eocene
  • Lower section of the Lumbrera formation
  • Mammals
  • Northwestern Argentina
  • Paleogene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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