The ED Systolic Blood Pressure Relationship After Traumatic Brain Injury

Samer Asmar, Mohamad Chehab, Letitia Bible, Muhammad Khurrum, Lourdes Castanon, Michael Ditillo, Bellal Joseph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Blood pressure alterations in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have been shown to be associated with increased mortality. However, there is paucity of data describing the optimal emergency department (ED) systolic blood pressure (SBP) target during the initial evaluation. The aim of our study was to assess the association between SBP on presentation and mortality in patients with TBI. Methods: We performed a retrospective (2015-2016) review of the American College of Surgeons Trauma Quality Improvement Program database and included all adult (age ≥18y) trauma patients who had TBI on presentation. The outcome measure was in-hospital mortality at different ED-SBP values. A subanalysis by age and TBI severity in accordance with the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) was performed (mild (GCS ≥13), moderate (GCS 9-12), and severe (≤8)). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed. Results: A total of 94,411 adult trauma patients with TBI were included. Mean age was 59 ± 21y, 62% were male, and median GCS was 15 [14-15]. Mean SBP was 147 ± 28 mmHg, and overall mortality was 8.6%. The lowest rate of mortality was noticed at ED SBP between 110 and 149 mmHg, whereas the highest mortality was at admission SBP <90 mmHg and SBP >190 mmHg. On regression analysis, SBP between 130 and 149 mmHg (odds ratio = 0.92; P = 0.68) was not associated with increased odds of mortality relative to SBP between 110 and 129 mmHg. On subanalysis based on severity of TBI (mild 80.9%, moderate 5.3%, and severe 13.8%), patients with SBP between 110 and 149 mmHg were less likely to die across all TBI groups. Conclusions: The optimal ED-SBP range for patients with TBI seems to be age and severity dependent. The optimum range might guide clinicians in developing resuscitation protocols for managing patients with TBI. Level of Evidence: Level III Prognostic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)493-500
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume257
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Glasgow Coma Scale
  • Mortality
  • Resuscitation protocols
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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