The effect of dry period length reduction to 28 days on the performance of multiparous dairy cows in the subsequent lactation

Adel Pezeshki, Jalil Mehrzad, Gholam R. Ghorbani, Bart De Spiegeleer, Robert J Collier, Christian Burvenich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a controlled study, the effects of shortened and conventional dry periods (28.2±4.6 vs. 48.8±4 d) on performance of multiparous cow were evaluated. Seventy multiparous Holstein cows were randomly assigned to either a 28- or a 49-d dry period length (DPL). Nine cows were removed from the study and 61 cows were used in the statistical analysis. Cows in the 28-d DPL group were moved to close-up pen and fed only close-up ration during the dry period, whereas those in the 49-d DPL group were given a far-off diet after dry-off until 28 d before expected calving, and then fed the same diet as the cows in the 28-d DPL group. Daily milk yield production was significantly reduced in the 28-d DPL group compared with the 49-d DPL group through 210d in milk (DIM). Neither milk protein nor milk fat was changed in experimental groups. However, fat yield tended to be greater in the 49 d DPL compared with the 28 d DPL. Cows with 28 d DPL lost less body condition in peripartum and gained more body condition score (BCS) by 150DIM. No differences were detected in health disorders, reproduction efficiency and birth weights of calves due to shortened dry period. Our data demonstrate that a shortened dry period under employed management practices is a good management tool in attenuating negative energy balance status without adversely affecting total milk production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-456
Number of pages8
JournalCanadian Journal of Animal Science
Volume88
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2008

Fingerprint

dry period (lactation)
Lactation
Milk
dairy cows
lactation
Fats
cows
Diet
Peripartum Period
Milk Proteins
Practice Management
Birth Weight
Reproduction
body condition
Health
dairy protein
diet
birth weight
energy balance
milk fat

Keywords

  • Body condition score
  • Dry period
  • Management
  • Multiparous dairy cow
  • Performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Food Animals

Cite this

The effect of dry period length reduction to 28 days on the performance of multiparous dairy cows in the subsequent lactation. / Pezeshki, Adel; Mehrzad, Jalil; Ghorbani, Gholam R.; De Spiegeleer, Bart; Collier, Robert J; Burvenich, Christian.

In: Canadian Journal of Animal Science, Vol. 88, No. 3, 09.2008, p. 449-456.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pezeshki, Adel ; Mehrzad, Jalil ; Ghorbani, Gholam R. ; De Spiegeleer, Bart ; Collier, Robert J ; Burvenich, Christian. / The effect of dry period length reduction to 28 days on the performance of multiparous dairy cows in the subsequent lactation. In: Canadian Journal of Animal Science. 2008 ; Vol. 88, No. 3. pp. 449-456.
@article{cdad0353f21d49eaa56c4fea26994cf0,
title = "The effect of dry period length reduction to 28 days on the performance of multiparous dairy cows in the subsequent lactation",
abstract = "In a controlled study, the effects of shortened and conventional dry periods (28.2±4.6 vs. 48.8±4 d) on performance of multiparous cow were evaluated. Seventy multiparous Holstein cows were randomly assigned to either a 28- or a 49-d dry period length (DPL). Nine cows were removed from the study and 61 cows were used in the statistical analysis. Cows in the 28-d DPL group were moved to close-up pen and fed only close-up ration during the dry period, whereas those in the 49-d DPL group were given a far-off diet after dry-off until 28 d before expected calving, and then fed the same diet as the cows in the 28-d DPL group. Daily milk yield production was significantly reduced in the 28-d DPL group compared with the 49-d DPL group through 210d in milk (DIM). Neither milk protein nor milk fat was changed in experimental groups. However, fat yield tended to be greater in the 49 d DPL compared with the 28 d DPL. Cows with 28 d DPL lost less body condition in peripartum and gained more body condition score (BCS) by 150DIM. No differences were detected in health disorders, reproduction efficiency and birth weights of calves due to shortened dry period. Our data demonstrate that a shortened dry period under employed management practices is a good management tool in attenuating negative energy balance status without adversely affecting total milk production.",
keywords = "Body condition score, Dry period, Management, Multiparous dairy cow, Performance",
author = "Adel Pezeshki and Jalil Mehrzad and Ghorbani, {Gholam R.} and {De Spiegeleer}, Bart and Collier, {Robert J} and Christian Burvenich",
year = "2008",
month = "9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "88",
pages = "449--456",
journal = "Canadian Journal of Animal Science",
issn = "0008-3984",
publisher = "Agricultural Institute of Canada",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of dry period length reduction to 28 days on the performance of multiparous dairy cows in the subsequent lactation

AU - Pezeshki, Adel

AU - Mehrzad, Jalil

AU - Ghorbani, Gholam R.

AU - De Spiegeleer, Bart

AU - Collier, Robert J

AU - Burvenich, Christian

PY - 2008/9

Y1 - 2008/9

N2 - In a controlled study, the effects of shortened and conventional dry periods (28.2±4.6 vs. 48.8±4 d) on performance of multiparous cow were evaluated. Seventy multiparous Holstein cows were randomly assigned to either a 28- or a 49-d dry period length (DPL). Nine cows were removed from the study and 61 cows were used in the statistical analysis. Cows in the 28-d DPL group were moved to close-up pen and fed only close-up ration during the dry period, whereas those in the 49-d DPL group were given a far-off diet after dry-off until 28 d before expected calving, and then fed the same diet as the cows in the 28-d DPL group. Daily milk yield production was significantly reduced in the 28-d DPL group compared with the 49-d DPL group through 210d in milk (DIM). Neither milk protein nor milk fat was changed in experimental groups. However, fat yield tended to be greater in the 49 d DPL compared with the 28 d DPL. Cows with 28 d DPL lost less body condition in peripartum and gained more body condition score (BCS) by 150DIM. No differences were detected in health disorders, reproduction efficiency and birth weights of calves due to shortened dry period. Our data demonstrate that a shortened dry period under employed management practices is a good management tool in attenuating negative energy balance status without adversely affecting total milk production.

AB - In a controlled study, the effects of shortened and conventional dry periods (28.2±4.6 vs. 48.8±4 d) on performance of multiparous cow were evaluated. Seventy multiparous Holstein cows were randomly assigned to either a 28- or a 49-d dry period length (DPL). Nine cows were removed from the study and 61 cows were used in the statistical analysis. Cows in the 28-d DPL group were moved to close-up pen and fed only close-up ration during the dry period, whereas those in the 49-d DPL group were given a far-off diet after dry-off until 28 d before expected calving, and then fed the same diet as the cows in the 28-d DPL group. Daily milk yield production was significantly reduced in the 28-d DPL group compared with the 49-d DPL group through 210d in milk (DIM). Neither milk protein nor milk fat was changed in experimental groups. However, fat yield tended to be greater in the 49 d DPL compared with the 28 d DPL. Cows with 28 d DPL lost less body condition in peripartum and gained more body condition score (BCS) by 150DIM. No differences were detected in health disorders, reproduction efficiency and birth weights of calves due to shortened dry period. Our data demonstrate that a shortened dry period under employed management practices is a good management tool in attenuating negative energy balance status without adversely affecting total milk production.

KW - Body condition score

KW - Dry period

KW - Management

KW - Multiparous dairy cow

KW - Performance

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=56849106491&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=56849106491&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:56849106491

VL - 88

SP - 449

EP - 456

JO - Canadian Journal of Animal Science

JF - Canadian Journal of Animal Science

SN - 0008-3984

IS - 3

ER -