El efecto de un bombeo regional a largo plazo sobre la hidroquímica y el contenido de gas disuelto en un acuífero no desarrollado que es portador de shale gas en el sudoeste de Ontario, Canada

Translated title of the contribution: The effect of long-term regional pumping on hydrochemistry and dissolved gas content in an undeveloped shale-gas-bearing aquifer in southwestern Ontario, Canada

Stewart M. Hamilton, Stephen E. Grasby, Jennifer McIntosh, Stephen G. Osborn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Baseline groundwater geochemical mapping of inorganic and isotopic parameters across 44,000 km<sup>2</sup> of southwestern Ontario (Canada) has delineated a discreet zone of natural gas in the bedrock aquifer coincident with an 8,000-km<sup>2</sup> exposure of Middle Devonian shale. This study describes the ambient geochemical conditions in these shales in the context of other strata, including Ordovician shales, and discusses shale-related natural and anthropogenic processes contributing to hydrogeochemical conditions in the aquifer. The three Devonian shales—the Kettle Point Formation (Antrim equivalent), Hamilton Group and Marcellus Formation—have higher DOC, DIC, HCO<inf>3</inf>, CO<inf>2(aq)</inf>, pH and iodide, and much higher CH<inf>4(aq).</inf> The two Ordovician shales—the Queenston and Georgian-Bay/Blue Mountain Formations—are higher in Ca, Mg, SO<inf>4</inf> and H<inf>2</inf>S. In the Devonian shale region, isotopic zones of Pleistocene-aged groundwater have halved in size since first identified in the 1980s; potentiometric data implicate regional groundwater extraction in the shrinkage. Isotopically younger waters invading the aquifer show rapid increases in CH<inf>4(aq)</inf>, pH and iodide with depth and rapid decrease in oxidized carbon species including CO<inf>2</inf>, HCO<inf>3</inf> and DIC, suggesting contemporary methanogenesis. Pumping in the Devonian shale contact aquifer may stimulate methanogenesis by lowering TDS, removing products and replacing reactants, including bicarbonate, derived from overlying glacial sedimentary aquifers.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)719-739
Number of pages21
JournalHydrogeology Journal
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 18 2015

Fingerprint

dissolved gas
hydrochemistry
pumping
aquifer
shale
methanogenesis
iodide
Ordovician
groundwater
bicarbonate
natural gas
bedrock
effect
shale gas
Pleistocene
carbon
water

Keywords

  • Canada
  • Hydrochemistry
  • Methane
  • Shale gas
  • Water supply

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

El efecto de un bombeo regional a largo plazo sobre la hidroquímica y el contenido de gas disuelto en un acuífero no desarrollado que es portador de shale gas en el sudoeste de Ontario, Canada. / Hamilton, Stewart M.; Grasby, Stephen E.; McIntosh, Jennifer; Osborn, Stephen G.

In: Hydrogeology Journal, Vol. 23, No. 4, 18.06.2015, p. 719-739.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Baseline groundwater geochemical mapping of inorganic and isotopic parameters across 44,000 km2 of southwestern Ontario (Canada) has delineated a discreet zone of natural gas in the bedrock aquifer coincident with an 8,000-km2 exposure of Middle Devonian shale. This study describes the ambient geochemical conditions in these shales in the context of other strata, including Ordovician shales, and discusses shale-related natural and anthropogenic processes contributing to hydrogeochemical conditions in the aquifer. The three Devonian shales—the Kettle Point Formation (Antrim equivalent), Hamilton Group and Marcellus Formation—have higher DOC, DIC, HCO3, CO2(aq), pH and iodide, and much higher CH4(aq). The two Ordovician shales—the Queenston and Georgian-Bay/Blue Mountain Formations—are higher in Ca, Mg, SO4 and H2S. In the Devonian shale region, isotopic zones of Pleistocene-aged groundwater have halved in size since first identified in the 1980s; potentiometric data implicate regional groundwater extraction in the shrinkage. Isotopically younger waters invading the aquifer show rapid increases in CH4(aq), pH and iodide with depth and rapid decrease in oxidized carbon species including CO2, HCO3 and DIC, suggesting contemporary methanogenesis. Pumping in the Devonian shale contact aquifer may stimulate methanogenesis by lowering TDS, removing products and replacing reactants, including bicarbonate, derived from overlying glacial sedimentary aquifers.",
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