The Effectiveness of updating metacognitive knowledge in the elderly: Evidence from metamnemonic judgments of word frequency

Jonathan G. Tullis, Aaron S. Benjamin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations


Accurate metacognitive knowledge is vital for optimal performance in self-regulated learning. Yet older adults have deficiencies in implementing effective learning strategies and knowledge updating and consequently may not learn as effectively from task experience as younger adults. Here we assess the ability of older adults to update metacognitive knowledge about the effects of word frequency on recognition. Young adults have been shown to correct their misconceptions through experience with the task, but the greater difficulty older adults have with knowledge updating makes it unclear whether task experience will be sufficient for older adults. The performance of older adults in this experiment qualitatively replicates the results of a comparison group of younger subjects, indicating that both groups are able to correct their metacognitive knowledge through task experience. Older adults seem to possess more effective and flexible metacognition than sometimes suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683-690
Number of pages8
JournalPsychology and aging
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012



  • Judgments of learning
  • Knowledge updating
  • Metacognition
  • Monitoring
  • Word frequency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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