The Effects of a Community-Based, Culturally Tailored Diabetes Prevention Intervention for High-Risk Adults of Mexican Descent

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This article reports the results of a community-based, culturally tailored diabetes prevention program for overweight Mexican American adults on weight loss, waist circumference, diet and physical activity self-efficacy, and diet behaviors. Methods: The intervention used content from the Diabetes Prevention Program but culturally tailored the delivery methods into a community-based program for Spanishspeaking adults of Mexican descent. The design was a randomized controlled trial (N = 58) comparing the effects of a 5-month educational intervention with an attention control group. The primary study outcome was weight loss. Secondary outcomes included change in waist circumference, body mass index, diet self-efficacy, and physical activity self-efficacy. Results: There were significant intervention effects for weight, waist circumference, body mass index, and diet selfefficacy, with the intervention group doing better than the control group. These effects did not change over time. Conclusions: Findings support the conclusion that a community-based, culturally tailored intervention is effective in reducing diabetes risk factors in a 5-month program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-213
Number of pages12
JournalDiabetes Educator
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Waist Circumference
Self Efficacy
Diet
Weight Loss
Body Mass Index
Exercise
Control Groups
Randomized Controlled Trials
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Weights and Measures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "The Effects of a Community-Based, Culturally Tailored Diabetes Prevention Intervention for High-Risk Adults of Mexican Descent",
abstract = "Purpose: This article reports the results of a community-based, culturally tailored diabetes prevention program for overweight Mexican American adults on weight loss, waist circumference, diet and physical activity self-efficacy, and diet behaviors. Methods: The intervention used content from the Diabetes Prevention Program but culturally tailored the delivery methods into a community-based program for Spanishspeaking adults of Mexican descent. The design was a randomized controlled trial (N = 58) comparing the effects of a 5-month educational intervention with an attention control group. The primary study outcome was weight loss. Secondary outcomes included change in waist circumference, body mass index, diet self-efficacy, and physical activity self-efficacy. Results: There were significant intervention effects for weight, waist circumference, body mass index, and diet selfefficacy, with the intervention group doing better than the control group. These effects did not change over time. Conclusions: Findings support the conclusion that a community-based, culturally tailored intervention is effective in reducing diabetes risk factors in a 5-month program.",
author = "Deborah Vincent and Mcewen, {Marylyn M} and Joseph Hepworth and Stump, {Craig S}",
year = "2014",
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T1 - The Effects of a Community-Based, Culturally Tailored Diabetes Prevention Intervention for High-Risk Adults of Mexican Descent

AU - Vincent, Deborah

AU - Mcewen, Marylyn M

AU - Hepworth, Joseph

AU - Stump, Craig S

PY - 2014

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N2 - Purpose: This article reports the results of a community-based, culturally tailored diabetes prevention program for overweight Mexican American adults on weight loss, waist circumference, diet and physical activity self-efficacy, and diet behaviors. Methods: The intervention used content from the Diabetes Prevention Program but culturally tailored the delivery methods into a community-based program for Spanishspeaking adults of Mexican descent. The design was a randomized controlled trial (N = 58) comparing the effects of a 5-month educational intervention with an attention control group. The primary study outcome was weight loss. Secondary outcomes included change in waist circumference, body mass index, diet self-efficacy, and physical activity self-efficacy. Results: There were significant intervention effects for weight, waist circumference, body mass index, and diet selfefficacy, with the intervention group doing better than the control group. These effects did not change over time. Conclusions: Findings support the conclusion that a community-based, culturally tailored intervention is effective in reducing diabetes risk factors in a 5-month program.

AB - Purpose: This article reports the results of a community-based, culturally tailored diabetes prevention program for overweight Mexican American adults on weight loss, waist circumference, diet and physical activity self-efficacy, and diet behaviors. Methods: The intervention used content from the Diabetes Prevention Program but culturally tailored the delivery methods into a community-based program for Spanishspeaking adults of Mexican descent. The design was a randomized controlled trial (N = 58) comparing the effects of a 5-month educational intervention with an attention control group. The primary study outcome was weight loss. Secondary outcomes included change in waist circumference, body mass index, diet self-efficacy, and physical activity self-efficacy. Results: There were significant intervention effects for weight, waist circumference, body mass index, and diet selfefficacy, with the intervention group doing better than the control group. These effects did not change over time. Conclusions: Findings support the conclusion that a community-based, culturally tailored intervention is effective in reducing diabetes risk factors in a 5-month program.

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