The effects of communicator characteristics on patterns of reciprocity and compensation

Judee K. Burgoon, Cynthia A. Olney, Ray A. Coker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This experiment examined gender, reward valence, and level of involvement as potential discriminators between dyadic partners who reciprocate, compensate, or do not respond to the communicator's changes in involvement. Fifty-one dyads engaged in a baseline interview followed by a second interview during which one participant increased or decreased involvement significantly. Partner's resultant change in involvement level was examined for reciprocity, compensation, or nonaccommodation. A gender by involvement interaction and a near significant reward by involvement interaction obtained. Female partners were more responsive to a communicator's involvement change than were men and subjects were generally more responsive to a high reward than a low reward communicator. However, contrary to predictions, females and partners of high reward communicators were most likely to reciprocate decreased involvement and compensate increased involvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-165
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Nonverbal Behavior
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1987

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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