The effects of kinetic variables on the structure of copper deposits cemented on pure aluminum discs: A scanning electron microscopic study

V. Annamalai, J. B. Hiskey, L. E. Murr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The structural characteristics of copper deposits resulting from copper cementation on pure aluminum are presented. The effect of chloride ion concentration, rotational speed of the aluminum disc, hydrogen ion concentration, copper ion concentration, and temperature on the nature and morphology of the deposits was investigated. Different copper deposit structures, viz. bulbous, massive crystalline, thick dendrites with leaf-like secondary arms, and dendrites of different degrees of fineness and texture were observed in the present study utilizing the scanning electron microscope. Deposit morphology was greatly modified for variations of chloride ion up to 25 mg l-1 and for increases in temperature up to 40° C. The maximum rate of copper cementation on pure aluminum was usually associated with a fine, dendritic structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-180
Number of pages18
JournalHydrometallurgy
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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