The effects of stress/accent on VOT depend on language (English, Spanish), consonant (/d/, /t/) and linguistic experience (monolinguals, bilinguals)

Miguel - Simonet, Joseph V. Casillas, Yamile Díaz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines Voice Onset Times of coronal stops in utterance-initial position in two languages. Crucially, the effects of lexical stress (stressed, unstressed syllable) on VOT are analyzed. The study investigates aspirated stops (English /t/), short-lag voiceless stops (English /d/, Spanish /t/) and prevoiced stops (Spanish /d/). Three groups of speakers provide data: English monolinguals, Spanish monolinguals, and proficient Spanish-English bilinguals. The study finds that lexical stress lengthens aspiration (English /t/) and prevoicing (Spanish /d/) but it does not alter significantly short-lag stops (Spanish /t/, English /d/). Monolinguals and bilinguals differ slightly in their phonetic behavior. Implications for gestural coordination as well as for feature theory are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody
PublisherInternational Speech Communications Association
Pages202-206
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 2014
Event7th International Conference on Speech Prosody, SP 2014 - Dublin, Ireland
Duration: May 20 2014May 23 2014

Other

Other7th International Conference on Speech Prosody, SP 2014
CountryIreland
CityDublin
Period5/20/145/23/14

Fingerprint

English language
linguistics
phonetics
experience
language
Group
Accent
Language
Consonant
English-Spanish
Lexical Stress
time
Utterance
Aspiration
Voice Onset Time
Voiceless Stops

Keywords

  • Bilingualism
  • English
  • Spanish
  • Stress
  • VOT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Simonet, M. ., Casillas, J. V., & Díaz, Y. (2014). The effects of stress/accent on VOT depend on language (English, Spanish), consonant (/d/, /t/) and linguistic experience (monolinguals, bilinguals). In Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody (pp. 202-206). International Speech Communications Association.

The effects of stress/accent on VOT depend on language (English, Spanish), consonant (/d/, /t/) and linguistic experience (monolinguals, bilinguals). / Simonet, Miguel -; Casillas, Joseph V.; Díaz, Yamile.

Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody. International Speech Communications Association, 2014. p. 202-206.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Simonet, M, Casillas, JV & Díaz, Y 2014, The effects of stress/accent on VOT depend on language (English, Spanish), consonant (/d/, /t/) and linguistic experience (monolinguals, bilinguals). in Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody. International Speech Communications Association, pp. 202-206, 7th International Conference on Speech Prosody, SP 2014, Dublin, Ireland, 5/20/14.
Simonet M, Casillas JV, Díaz Y. The effects of stress/accent on VOT depend on language (English, Spanish), consonant (/d/, /t/) and linguistic experience (monolinguals, bilinguals). In Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody. International Speech Communications Association. 2014. p. 202-206
Simonet, Miguel - ; Casillas, Joseph V. ; Díaz, Yamile. / The effects of stress/accent on VOT depend on language (English, Spanish), consonant (/d/, /t/) and linguistic experience (monolinguals, bilinguals). Proceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody. International Speech Communications Association, 2014. pp. 202-206
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abstract = "This study examines Voice Onset Times of coronal stops in utterance-initial position in two languages. Crucially, the effects of lexical stress (stressed, unstressed syllable) on VOT are analyzed. The study investigates aspirated stops (English /t/), short-lag voiceless stops (English /d/, Spanish /t/) and prevoiced stops (Spanish /d/). Three groups of speakers provide data: English monolinguals, Spanish monolinguals, and proficient Spanish-English bilinguals. The study finds that lexical stress lengthens aspiration (English /t/) and prevoicing (Spanish /d/) but it does not alter significantly short-lag stops (Spanish /t/, English /d/). Monolinguals and bilinguals differ slightly in their phonetic behavior. Implications for gestural coordination as well as for feature theory are discussed.",
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N2 - This study examines Voice Onset Times of coronal stops in utterance-initial position in two languages. Crucially, the effects of lexical stress (stressed, unstressed syllable) on VOT are analyzed. The study investigates aspirated stops (English /t/), short-lag voiceless stops (English /d/, Spanish /t/) and prevoiced stops (Spanish /d/). Three groups of speakers provide data: English monolinguals, Spanish monolinguals, and proficient Spanish-English bilinguals. The study finds that lexical stress lengthens aspiration (English /t/) and prevoicing (Spanish /d/) but it does not alter significantly short-lag stops (Spanish /t/, English /d/). Monolinguals and bilinguals differ slightly in their phonetic behavior. Implications for gestural coordination as well as for feature theory are discussed.

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