The effects of stress/accent on VOT depend on language (English, Spanish), consonant (/d/, /t/) and linguistic experience (monolinguals, bilinguals)

Miquel Simonet, Joseph V. Casillas, Yamile Díaz

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines Voice Onset Times of coronal stops in utterance-initial position in two languages. Crucially, the effects of lexical stress (stressed, unstressed syllable) on VOT are analyzed. The study investigates aspirated stops (English /t/), short-lag voiceless stops (English /d/, Spanish /t/) and prevoiced stops (Spanish /d/). Three groups of speakers provide data: English monolinguals, Spanish monolinguals, and proficient Spanish-English bilinguals. The study finds that lexical stress lengthens aspiration (English /t/) and prevoicing (Spanish /d/) but it does not alter significantly short-lag stops (Spanish /t/, English /d/). Monolinguals and bilinguals differ slightly in their phonetic behavior. Implications for gestural coordination as well as for feature theory are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-206
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the International Conference on Speech Prosody
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Event7th International Conference on Speech Prosody, SP 2014 - Dublin, Ireland
Duration: May 20 2014May 23 2014

Keywords

  • Bilingualism
  • English
  • Spanish
  • Stress
  • VOT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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