The emergence and promise of functional biogeography

Cyrille Violle, Peter B. Reich, Stephen W. Pacala, Brian Enquist, Jens Kattge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

213 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding, modeling, and predicting the impact of global change on ecosystem functioning across biogeographical gradients can benefit from enhanced capacity to represent biota as a continuous distribution of traits. However, this is a challenge for the field of biogeography historically grounded on the species concept. Here we focus on the newly emergent field of functional biogeography: the study of the geographic distribution of trait diversity across organizational levels. We show how functional biogeography bridges species-based biogeography and earth science to provide ideas and tools to help explain gradients in multifaceted diversity (including species, functional, and phylogenetic diversities), predict ecosystem functioning and services worldwide, and infuse regional and global conservation programs with a functional basis. Although much recent progress has been made possible because of the rising of multiple data streams, new developments in ecoinformatics, and new methodological advances, future directions should provide a theoretical and comprehensive framework for the scaling of biotic interactions across trophic levels and its ecological implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13690-13696
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume111
Issue number38
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 23 2014

Fingerprint

Ecosystem
Earth Sciences
Biota
Direction compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

The emergence and promise of functional biogeography. / Violle, Cyrille; Reich, Peter B.; Pacala, Stephen W.; Enquist, Brian; Kattge, Jens.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 111, No. 38, 23.09.2014, p. 13690-13696.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Violle, Cyrille ; Reich, Peter B. ; Pacala, Stephen W. ; Enquist, Brian ; Kattge, Jens. / The emergence and promise of functional biogeography. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2014 ; Vol. 111, No. 38. pp. 13690-13696.
@article{bbf65c9cf42b43a98dffa7ee38e184d8,
title = "The emergence and promise of functional biogeography",
abstract = "Understanding, modeling, and predicting the impact of global change on ecosystem functioning across biogeographical gradients can benefit from enhanced capacity to represent biota as a continuous distribution of traits. However, this is a challenge for the field of biogeography historically grounded on the species concept. Here we focus on the newly emergent field of functional biogeography: the study of the geographic distribution of trait diversity across organizational levels. We show how functional biogeography bridges species-based biogeography and earth science to provide ideas and tools to help explain gradients in multifaceted diversity (including species, functional, and phylogenetic diversities), predict ecosystem functioning and services worldwide, and infuse regional and global conservation programs with a functional basis. Although much recent progress has been made possible because of the rising of multiple data streams, new developments in ecoinformatics, and new methodological advances, future directions should provide a theoretical and comprehensive framework for the scaling of biotic interactions across trophic levels and its ecological implications.",
author = "Cyrille Violle and Reich, {Peter B.} and Pacala, {Stephen W.} and Brian Enquist and Jens Kattge",
year = "2014",
month = "9",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1073/pnas.1415442111",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "111",
pages = "13690--13696",
journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
issn = "0027-8424",
number = "38",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The emergence and promise of functional biogeography

AU - Violle, Cyrille

AU - Reich, Peter B.

AU - Pacala, Stephen W.

AU - Enquist, Brian

AU - Kattge, Jens

PY - 2014/9/23

Y1 - 2014/9/23

N2 - Understanding, modeling, and predicting the impact of global change on ecosystem functioning across biogeographical gradients can benefit from enhanced capacity to represent biota as a continuous distribution of traits. However, this is a challenge for the field of biogeography historically grounded on the species concept. Here we focus on the newly emergent field of functional biogeography: the study of the geographic distribution of trait diversity across organizational levels. We show how functional biogeography bridges species-based biogeography and earth science to provide ideas and tools to help explain gradients in multifaceted diversity (including species, functional, and phylogenetic diversities), predict ecosystem functioning and services worldwide, and infuse regional and global conservation programs with a functional basis. Although much recent progress has been made possible because of the rising of multiple data streams, new developments in ecoinformatics, and new methodological advances, future directions should provide a theoretical and comprehensive framework for the scaling of biotic interactions across trophic levels and its ecological implications.

AB - Understanding, modeling, and predicting the impact of global change on ecosystem functioning across biogeographical gradients can benefit from enhanced capacity to represent biota as a continuous distribution of traits. However, this is a challenge for the field of biogeography historically grounded on the species concept. Here we focus on the newly emergent field of functional biogeography: the study of the geographic distribution of trait diversity across organizational levels. We show how functional biogeography bridges species-based biogeography and earth science to provide ideas and tools to help explain gradients in multifaceted diversity (including species, functional, and phylogenetic diversities), predict ecosystem functioning and services worldwide, and infuse regional and global conservation programs with a functional basis. Although much recent progress has been made possible because of the rising of multiple data streams, new developments in ecoinformatics, and new methodological advances, future directions should provide a theoretical and comprehensive framework for the scaling of biotic interactions across trophic levels and its ecological implications.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907284184&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907284184&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1073/pnas.1415442111

DO - 10.1073/pnas.1415442111

M3 - Article

VL - 111

SP - 13690

EP - 13696

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 38

ER -