The Emergence of Animal Management in the Southern Levant

Natalie D. Munro, Guy Bar-Oz, Jacqueline S. Meier, Lidar Sapir-Hen, Mary C Stiner, Reuven Yeshurun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our compilation of zooarchaeological data from a series of important archaeological sites spanning the Epipaleolithic through Pre-Pottery Neolithic B periods in the Mediterranean Hills of the southern Levant contributes to major debates about the beginnings of ungulate management in Southwest Asia. The data support an onset of ungulate management practices by the Early PPNB (10,500-10,000 cal. BP), more than 500 years earlier than previously thought for this region. There is a clear developmental connection between reduced hunting intensity and the uptake of ungulate management, confirming that this process began in response to local, density-dependent demographic factors. The early process of goat domestication in the southern Levant appears to have been overwhelmingly local. This may have been true for cattle and pigs as well. Nevertheless, the loose synchrony of animal management trends across Southwest Asia was undoubtedly enabled by large-scale social networks that transmitted knowledge. The results add to growing evidence that animal management processes followed multiple regional evolutionary pathways within the Fertile Crescent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9279
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Fingerprint

ungulate
animal
domestication
synchrony
goat
social network
pig
hunting
cattle
management practice
Asia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Munro, N. D., Bar-Oz, G., Meier, J. S., Sapir-Hen, L., Stiner, M. C., & Yeshurun, R. (2018). The Emergence of Animal Management in the Southern Levant. Scientific Reports, 8(1), [9279]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-27647-z

The Emergence of Animal Management in the Southern Levant. / Munro, Natalie D.; Bar-Oz, Guy; Meier, Jacqueline S.; Sapir-Hen, Lidar; Stiner, Mary C; Yeshurun, Reuven.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 8, No. 1, 9279, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Munro, ND, Bar-Oz, G, Meier, JS, Sapir-Hen, L, Stiner, MC & Yeshurun, R 2018, 'The Emergence of Animal Management in the Southern Levant', Scientific Reports, vol. 8, no. 1, 9279. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-27647-z
Munro, Natalie D. ; Bar-Oz, Guy ; Meier, Jacqueline S. ; Sapir-Hen, Lidar ; Stiner, Mary C ; Yeshurun, Reuven. / The Emergence of Animal Management in the Southern Levant. In: Scientific Reports. 2018 ; Vol. 8, No. 1.
@article{31579391a3f446c5b091f9c0021ef3c0,
title = "The Emergence of Animal Management in the Southern Levant",
abstract = "Our compilation of zooarchaeological data from a series of important archaeological sites spanning the Epipaleolithic through Pre-Pottery Neolithic B periods in the Mediterranean Hills of the southern Levant contributes to major debates about the beginnings of ungulate management in Southwest Asia. The data support an onset of ungulate management practices by the Early PPNB (10,500-10,000 cal. BP), more than 500 years earlier than previously thought for this region. There is a clear developmental connection between reduced hunting intensity and the uptake of ungulate management, confirming that this process began in response to local, density-dependent demographic factors. The early process of goat domestication in the southern Levant appears to have been overwhelmingly local. This may have been true for cattle and pigs as well. Nevertheless, the loose synchrony of animal management trends across Southwest Asia was undoubtedly enabled by large-scale social networks that transmitted knowledge. The results add to growing evidence that animal management processes followed multiple regional evolutionary pathways within the Fertile Crescent.",
author = "Munro, {Natalie D.} and Guy Bar-Oz and Meier, {Jacqueline S.} and Lidar Sapir-Hen and Stiner, {Mary C} and Reuven Yeshurun",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-018-27647-z",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Emergence of Animal Management in the Southern Levant

AU - Munro, Natalie D.

AU - Bar-Oz, Guy

AU - Meier, Jacqueline S.

AU - Sapir-Hen, Lidar

AU - Stiner, Mary C

AU - Yeshurun, Reuven

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - Our compilation of zooarchaeological data from a series of important archaeological sites spanning the Epipaleolithic through Pre-Pottery Neolithic B periods in the Mediterranean Hills of the southern Levant contributes to major debates about the beginnings of ungulate management in Southwest Asia. The data support an onset of ungulate management practices by the Early PPNB (10,500-10,000 cal. BP), more than 500 years earlier than previously thought for this region. There is a clear developmental connection between reduced hunting intensity and the uptake of ungulate management, confirming that this process began in response to local, density-dependent demographic factors. The early process of goat domestication in the southern Levant appears to have been overwhelmingly local. This may have been true for cattle and pigs as well. Nevertheless, the loose synchrony of animal management trends across Southwest Asia was undoubtedly enabled by large-scale social networks that transmitted knowledge. The results add to growing evidence that animal management processes followed multiple regional evolutionary pathways within the Fertile Crescent.

AB - Our compilation of zooarchaeological data from a series of important archaeological sites spanning the Epipaleolithic through Pre-Pottery Neolithic B periods in the Mediterranean Hills of the southern Levant contributes to major debates about the beginnings of ungulate management in Southwest Asia. The data support an onset of ungulate management practices by the Early PPNB (10,500-10,000 cal. BP), more than 500 years earlier than previously thought for this region. There is a clear developmental connection between reduced hunting intensity and the uptake of ungulate management, confirming that this process began in response to local, density-dependent demographic factors. The early process of goat domestication in the southern Levant appears to have been overwhelmingly local. This may have been true for cattle and pigs as well. Nevertheless, the loose synchrony of animal management trends across Southwest Asia was undoubtedly enabled by large-scale social networks that transmitted knowledge. The results add to growing evidence that animal management processes followed multiple regional evolutionary pathways within the Fertile Crescent.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048751304&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85048751304&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-018-27647-z

DO - 10.1038/s41598-018-27647-z

M3 - Article

C2 - 29915348

AN - SCOPUS:85048751304

VL - 8

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

IS - 1

M1 - 9279

ER -