Pressure-volume X-ray diffraction data were collected at eight pressures to 17.2 GPa for synthetic single-crystal forsterite, Mg2SiO4. Birch-Murnaghan equation-of-state parameters were determined to be K0 = 125(2) GPa and K′0 = 4.0(4). To ensure hydrostatic conditions, we monitored the diffraction-peak shapes while the sample was in different pressure media: 4:1 methanol-ethanol, He, and Ar. The diffraction peaks for forsterite in 4:1 methanol-ethanol at 12.2 GPa were broadened to such an extent that we believe that any data collected at similar pressures and in this medium may be suspect and should be examined critically. The diffraction-peak profiles for the sample in He were sharp and well-formed, suggesting He provides an excellent medium at pressures ≤ 17.2 GPa. However, upon decompression, the diffraction peaks of the sample in He also showed significant broadening. This broadening suggests that with increasing pressure He diffused into the crystal, but with the release of pressure the He was unable to diffuse out quickly. The diffraction peaks regained their sharpness after several months.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geochemistry and Petrology