THE EVOLUTION of STAR FORMATION HISTORIES of QUIESCENT GALAXIES

Camilla Pacifici, Susan A. Kassin, Benjamin J. Weiner, Bradford Holden, Jonathan P. Gardner, Sandra M. Faber, Henry C. Ferguson, David C. Koo, Joel R. Primack, Eric F. Bell, Avishai Dekel, Eric Gawiser, Mauro Giavalisco, Marc Rafelski, Raymond C. Simons, Guillermo Barro, Darren J. Croton, Romeel Davé, Adriano Fontana, Norman A. GroginAnton M. Koekemoer, Seong Kook Lee, Brett Salmon, Rachel Somerville, Peter Behroozi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although there has been much progress in understanding how galaxies evolve, we still do not understand how and when they stop forming stars and become quiescent. We address this by applying our galaxy spectral energy distribution models, which incorporate physically motivated star formation histories (SFHs) from cosmological simulations, to a sample of quiescent galaxies at 0.2 ≥ z ≥ 2.1. A total of 845 quiescent galaxies with multi-band photometry spanning rest-frame ultraviolet through near-infrared wavelengths are selected from the Cosmic Assembly Near-IR Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS) data set. We compute median SFHs of these galaxies in bins of stellar mass and redshift. At all redshifts and stellar masses, the median SFHs rise, reach a peak, and then decline to reach quiescence. At high redshift, we find that the rise and decline are fast, as expected, because the universe is young. At low redshift, the duration of these phases depends strongly on stellar mass. Lowmass galaxies (log(M,M⊙) ∼ 9.5) grow on average slowly, take a long time to reach their peak of star formation (4 Gyr), and then the declining phase is fast (2 Gyr). Conversely, high-mass galaxies (log(M,M⊙) ∼ 11) grow on average fast (2 Gyr), and, after reaching their peak, decrease the star formation slowly (3). These findings are consistent with galaxy stellar mass being a driving factor in determining how evolved galaxies are, with highmass galaxies being the most evolved at any time (i.e., downsizing). The different durations we observe in the declining phases also suggest that low- and high-mass galaxies experience different quenching mechanisms, which operate on different timescales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number79
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume832
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2016

Keywords

  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: formation
  • galaxies: statistics
  • galaxies: stellar content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Pacifici, C., Kassin, S. A., Weiner, B. J., Holden, B., Gardner, J. P., Faber, S. M., Ferguson, H. C., Koo, D. C., Primack, J. R., Bell, E. F., Dekel, A., Gawiser, E., Giavalisco, M., Rafelski, M., Simons, R. C., Barro, G., Croton, D. J., Davé, R., Fontana, A., ... Behroozi, P. (2016). THE EVOLUTION of STAR FORMATION HISTORIES of QUIESCENT GALAXIES. Astrophysical Journal, 832(1), [79]. https://doi.org/10.3847/0004-637X/832/1/79