The evolution of the human endurance phenotype

David A Raichlen, James T. Webber, Herman Pontzer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Aerobic activities are those which can be sustained entirely by oxygen-based metabolism. The rate of oxygen consumption during an activity, called VO2, is often used as a measure of energy for aerobic activities. Activity costs tend to increase with body size, and so to account for differences in body size, energy expenditure during an activity is often expressed as metabolic equivalents, the ratio of activity energy expenditure to basal metabolic rate. Comparative biology offers a valuable methodological approach to examine evolutionary physiology in living taxa. By comparing performance or morphology in humans and our closest living relatives, the great apes can better understand how, and potentially when, major changes in evolutionary physiology occurred. Reconstructions of locomotion and behavior in the earliest hominins generally suggest that, although they walked bipedally, in many respects they more closely resemble nonhuman great apes in activity patterns and behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook of Sport and Exercise Systems Genetics
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Pages135-147
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781351380164
ISBN (Print)9781138504851
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Hominidae
Physiology
Durability
Body Size
Oxygen
Phenotype
Energy Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolic Equivalent
Basal Metabolism
Locomotion
Oxygen Consumption
Costs
Costs and Cost Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Raichlen, D. A., Webber, J. T., & Pontzer, H. (2019). The evolution of the human endurance phenotype. In Routledge Handbook of Sport and Exercise Systems Genetics (pp. 135-147). Taylor and Francis. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315146287-11

The evolution of the human endurance phenotype. / Raichlen, David A; Webber, James T.; Pontzer, Herman.

Routledge Handbook of Sport and Exercise Systems Genetics. Taylor and Francis, 2019. p. 135-147.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Raichlen, DA, Webber, JT & Pontzer, H 2019, The evolution of the human endurance phenotype. in Routledge Handbook of Sport and Exercise Systems Genetics. Taylor and Francis, pp. 135-147. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315146287-11
Raichlen DA, Webber JT, Pontzer H. The evolution of the human endurance phenotype. In Routledge Handbook of Sport and Exercise Systems Genetics. Taylor and Francis. 2019. p. 135-147 https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315146287-11
Raichlen, David A ; Webber, James T. ; Pontzer, Herman. / The evolution of the human endurance phenotype. Routledge Handbook of Sport and Exercise Systems Genetics. Taylor and Francis, 2019. pp. 135-147
@inbook{46cf3ae246a64f5a937dead7fdd16a73,
title = "The evolution of the human endurance phenotype",
abstract = "Aerobic activities are those which can be sustained entirely by oxygen-based metabolism. The rate of oxygen consumption during an activity, called VO2, is often used as a measure of energy for aerobic activities. Activity costs tend to increase with body size, and so to account for differences in body size, energy expenditure during an activity is often expressed as metabolic equivalents, the ratio of activity energy expenditure to basal metabolic rate. Comparative biology offers a valuable methodological approach to examine evolutionary physiology in living taxa. By comparing performance or morphology in humans and our closest living relatives, the great apes can better understand how, and potentially when, major changes in evolutionary physiology occurred. Reconstructions of locomotion and behavior in the earliest hominins generally suggest that, although they walked bipedally, in many respects they more closely resemble nonhuman great apes in activity patterns and behavior.",
author = "Raichlen, {David A} and Webber, {James T.} and Herman Pontzer",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4324/9781315146287-11",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781138504851",
pages = "135--147",
booktitle = "Routledge Handbook of Sport and Exercise Systems Genetics",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - The evolution of the human endurance phenotype

AU - Raichlen, David A

AU - Webber, James T.

AU - Pontzer, Herman

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Aerobic activities are those which can be sustained entirely by oxygen-based metabolism. The rate of oxygen consumption during an activity, called VO2, is often used as a measure of energy for aerobic activities. Activity costs tend to increase with body size, and so to account for differences in body size, energy expenditure during an activity is often expressed as metabolic equivalents, the ratio of activity energy expenditure to basal metabolic rate. Comparative biology offers a valuable methodological approach to examine evolutionary physiology in living taxa. By comparing performance or morphology in humans and our closest living relatives, the great apes can better understand how, and potentially when, major changes in evolutionary physiology occurred. Reconstructions of locomotion and behavior in the earliest hominins generally suggest that, although they walked bipedally, in many respects they more closely resemble nonhuman great apes in activity patterns and behavior.

AB - Aerobic activities are those which can be sustained entirely by oxygen-based metabolism. The rate of oxygen consumption during an activity, called VO2, is often used as a measure of energy for aerobic activities. Activity costs tend to increase with body size, and so to account for differences in body size, energy expenditure during an activity is often expressed as metabolic equivalents, the ratio of activity energy expenditure to basal metabolic rate. Comparative biology offers a valuable methodological approach to examine evolutionary physiology in living taxa. By comparing performance or morphology in humans and our closest living relatives, the great apes can better understand how, and potentially when, major changes in evolutionary physiology occurred. Reconstructions of locomotion and behavior in the earliest hominins generally suggest that, although they walked bipedally, in many respects they more closely resemble nonhuman great apes in activity patterns and behavior.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068724521&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85068724521&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4324/9781315146287-11

DO - 10.4324/9781315146287-11

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85068724521

SN - 9781138504851

SP - 135

EP - 147

BT - Routledge Handbook of Sport and Exercise Systems Genetics

PB - Taylor and Francis

ER -