The evolving luminosity function of red galaxies

Michael J I Brown, D. E Y Arjun, Buell Tomasson Jannuzi, Kate Brand, Andrew J. Benson, Mark Brodwin, Darren J. Croton, Peter R. Eisenharot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

233 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We trace the assembly history of red galaxies since z = 1 by measuring their evolving space density with the B-band luminosity function. Our sample of 39,599 red galaxies, selected from 6.96 deg2 of imaging from the NOAO Deep Wide-Field Survey and the Spitzer IRAC Shallow Survey, is an order of magnitude larger, in size and volume, than comparable samples in the literature. We measure a higher space density of z ∼ 0.9 red galaxies than some of the recent literature, in part because we account for the faint yet significant galaxy flux that falls outside of our photometric aperture. The B-band luminosity density of red galaxies, which effectively measures the evolution of ∼L* galaxies, increases by only 36% ± 13% from z = 0 to z = 1. If red galaxy stellar populations have faded by ≃ 1.24 B-band magnitudes since z = 1, the stellar mass contained within the red galaxy population has roughly doubled over the past 8 Gyr. This is consistent with star-forming galaxies being transformed into ≲L* red galaxies after a decline in their star formation rates. In contrast, the evolution of ≃4L* red galaxies differs only slightly from a model with negligible z < 1 star formation and no galaxy mergers. If this model approximates the luminosity evolution of red galaxy stellar populations, then ≃80% of the stellar mass contained within today's 4L* red galaxies was already in place at z = 0.7. While red galaxy mergers have been observed, such mergers do not produce rapid growth of 4L* red galaxy stellar masses between z = 1 and the present day.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)858-877
Number of pages20
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume654
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

merger
luminosity
galaxies
field survey
stellar mass
history
space density
star formation rate
star formation
rate
measuring
assembly
apertures

Keywords

  • Galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: luminosity function, mass function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Brown, M. J. I., Arjun, D. E. Y., Jannuzi, B. T., Brand, K., Benson, A. J., Brodwin, M., ... Eisenharot, P. R. (2007). The evolving luminosity function of red galaxies. Astrophysical Journal, 654(2 I), 858-877. https://doi.org/10.1086/509652

The evolving luminosity function of red galaxies. / Brown, Michael J I; Arjun, D. E Y; Jannuzi, Buell Tomasson; Brand, Kate; Benson, Andrew J.; Brodwin, Mark; Croton, Darren J.; Eisenharot, Peter R.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 654, No. 2 I, 10.01.2007, p. 858-877.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brown, MJI, Arjun, DEY, Jannuzi, BT, Brand, K, Benson, AJ, Brodwin, M, Croton, DJ & Eisenharot, PR 2007, 'The evolving luminosity function of red galaxies', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 654, no. 2 I, pp. 858-877. https://doi.org/10.1086/509652
Brown MJI, Arjun DEY, Jannuzi BT, Brand K, Benson AJ, Brodwin M et al. The evolving luminosity function of red galaxies. Astrophysical Journal. 2007 Jan 10;654(2 I):858-877. https://doi.org/10.1086/509652
Brown, Michael J I ; Arjun, D. E Y ; Jannuzi, Buell Tomasson ; Brand, Kate ; Benson, Andrew J. ; Brodwin, Mark ; Croton, Darren J. ; Eisenharot, Peter R. / The evolving luminosity function of red galaxies. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2007 ; Vol. 654, No. 2 I. pp. 858-877.
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