The executive control of face memory

Steven Z Rapcsak, Emily C. Edmonds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with frontal lobe damage and cognitively normal elderly individuals demonstrate increased susceptibility to false facial recognition. In this paper we review neuropsychological evidence consistent with the notion that the common functional impairment underlying face memory distortions in both subject populations is a context recollection/source monitoring deficit, coupled with excessive reliance on relatively preserved facial familiarity signals in recognition decisions. In particular, we suggest that due to the breakdown of strategic memory retrieval, monitoring, and decision operations, individuals with frontal lobe impairment caused by focal damage or age-related functional decline do not have a reliable mechanism for attributing the experience of familiarity to the correct context or source. Memory illusions are mostly apparent under conditions of uncertainty when the face cue does not directly elicit relevant identity-specific contextual information, leaving the source of familiarity unspecified or ambiguous. Based on these findings, we propose that remembering faces is a constructive process that requires dynamic interactions between temporal lobe memory systems that operate in an automatic or bottom-up fashion and frontal executive systems that provide strategic top-down control of recollection. Executive memory control functions implemented by prefrontal cortex play a critical role in suppressing false facial recognition and related source memory misattributions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-298
Number of pages14
JournalBehavioural Neurology
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Executive Function
Frontal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Prefrontal Cortex
Uncertainty
Cues
Recognition (Psychology)
Population

Keywords

  • cognitive aging
  • Face memory
  • false recognition
  • frontal lobe damage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

Cite this

The executive control of face memory. / Rapcsak, Steven Z; Edmonds, Emily C.

In: Behavioural Neurology, Vol. 24, No. 4, 2011, p. 285-298.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rapcsak, Steven Z ; Edmonds, Emily C. / The executive control of face memory. In: Behavioural Neurology. 2011 ; Vol. 24, No. 4. pp. 285-298.
@article{4ec1af7270944b9ab3cd0d5579bbd136,
title = "The executive control of face memory",
abstract = "Patients with frontal lobe damage and cognitively normal elderly individuals demonstrate increased susceptibility to false facial recognition. In this paper we review neuropsychological evidence consistent with the notion that the common functional impairment underlying face memory distortions in both subject populations is a context recollection/source monitoring deficit, coupled with excessive reliance on relatively preserved facial familiarity signals in recognition decisions. In particular, we suggest that due to the breakdown of strategic memory retrieval, monitoring, and decision operations, individuals with frontal lobe impairment caused by focal damage or age-related functional decline do not have a reliable mechanism for attributing the experience of familiarity to the correct context or source. Memory illusions are mostly apparent under conditions of uncertainty when the face cue does not directly elicit relevant identity-specific contextual information, leaving the source of familiarity unspecified or ambiguous. Based on these findings, we propose that remembering faces is a constructive process that requires dynamic interactions between temporal lobe memory systems that operate in an automatic or bottom-up fashion and frontal executive systems that provide strategic top-down control of recollection. Executive memory control functions implemented by prefrontal cortex play a critical role in suppressing false facial recognition and related source memory misattributions.",
keywords = "cognitive aging, Face memory, false recognition, frontal lobe damage",
author = "Rapcsak, {Steven Z} and Edmonds, {Emily C.}",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.3233/BEN-2011-0339",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "285--298",
journal = "Behavioural Neurology",
issn = "0953-4180",
publisher = "IOS Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The executive control of face memory

AU - Rapcsak, Steven Z

AU - Edmonds, Emily C.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Patients with frontal lobe damage and cognitively normal elderly individuals demonstrate increased susceptibility to false facial recognition. In this paper we review neuropsychological evidence consistent with the notion that the common functional impairment underlying face memory distortions in both subject populations is a context recollection/source monitoring deficit, coupled with excessive reliance on relatively preserved facial familiarity signals in recognition decisions. In particular, we suggest that due to the breakdown of strategic memory retrieval, monitoring, and decision operations, individuals with frontal lobe impairment caused by focal damage or age-related functional decline do not have a reliable mechanism for attributing the experience of familiarity to the correct context or source. Memory illusions are mostly apparent under conditions of uncertainty when the face cue does not directly elicit relevant identity-specific contextual information, leaving the source of familiarity unspecified or ambiguous. Based on these findings, we propose that remembering faces is a constructive process that requires dynamic interactions between temporal lobe memory systems that operate in an automatic or bottom-up fashion and frontal executive systems that provide strategic top-down control of recollection. Executive memory control functions implemented by prefrontal cortex play a critical role in suppressing false facial recognition and related source memory misattributions.

AB - Patients with frontal lobe damage and cognitively normal elderly individuals demonstrate increased susceptibility to false facial recognition. In this paper we review neuropsychological evidence consistent with the notion that the common functional impairment underlying face memory distortions in both subject populations is a context recollection/source monitoring deficit, coupled with excessive reliance on relatively preserved facial familiarity signals in recognition decisions. In particular, we suggest that due to the breakdown of strategic memory retrieval, monitoring, and decision operations, individuals with frontal lobe impairment caused by focal damage or age-related functional decline do not have a reliable mechanism for attributing the experience of familiarity to the correct context or source. Memory illusions are mostly apparent under conditions of uncertainty when the face cue does not directly elicit relevant identity-specific contextual information, leaving the source of familiarity unspecified or ambiguous. Based on these findings, we propose that remembering faces is a constructive process that requires dynamic interactions between temporal lobe memory systems that operate in an automatic or bottom-up fashion and frontal executive systems that provide strategic top-down control of recollection. Executive memory control functions implemented by prefrontal cortex play a critical role in suppressing false facial recognition and related source memory misattributions.

KW - cognitive aging

KW - Face memory

KW - false recognition

KW - frontal lobe damage

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=81055125390&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=81055125390&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3233/BEN-2011-0339

DO - 10.3233/BEN-2011-0339

M3 - Article

C2 - 22063817

AN - SCOPUS:81055125390

VL - 24

SP - 285

EP - 298

JO - Behavioural Neurology

JF - Behavioural Neurology

SN - 0953-4180

IS - 4

ER -