The failure of conventional methods to promote spontaneous transpyloric feeding tube passage and the safety of intragastric feeding in the critically ill ventilated patient

M. Marian, W. Rappaport, D. Cunningham, C. Thompson, M. Esser, F. Williams, J. Warneke, G. Hunter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nasoenteral tube feedings are often recommended in critically ill patients when gastrointestinal tract function is intact. Conventional methods of placement include turning the patient on the right side and the use of drugs that stimulate peristalsis to promote transpyloric passage. A prospective study was initially performed to assess the success of conventional methods used to promote transpyloric feeding tube placement in patients requiring assisted ventilation admitted to the Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU) (Part I of the study). In 68 critically ill ventilated patients, placement of nasoduodenal feeding tubes was attempted. Successful transpyloric placement was achieved in only ten patients. There was no correlation between age, gender, admitting diagnosis, time of tube placement and successful placement. The second part of the study was initiated to assess the safety of nasogastric feeding in critically ill ventilated patients. Forty-two patients admitted to the SICU were considered candidates for gastrointestinal tract feeding and were fed through the gastric route. Twenty-five patients reached enteral feeding goal rate within 72 hours, while 34 patients achieved goal rate by five days. Eight patients required total parenteral nutrition to meet nutritional needs because of an inability to achieve adequate nutritional support enterally. There were 11 complications noted in ten patients, including one episode of aspiration pneumonia. The presence of complications was not related to age, gender, admitting diagnosis, infusion method or type of formula used. Duodenal intubation using conventional methods in critically ill ventilated patients is unsuccessful in most patients. Nasogastric feeding in this group of patients can be safely administered in selected instances.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)475-479
Number of pages5
JournalSurgery Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume176
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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