The fast mandible strike in the trap-jaw ant Odontomachus - I. Temporal properties and morphological characteristics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ants of the ponerine genus Odontomachus employ a trap-jaw mechanism that allows them to instantaneously close their long, sturdy mandibles to catch prey or to defend themselves. Photoelectric scanning has revealed that these trap-jaws can be closed in less than 0.5 ms and that they decelerate before they collide with each other. The mandible strike is released in a reflexlike action when particular trigger hairs are touched. This reflex takes 4 to 10 ms and is probably the fastest reflex yet described for any animal. This speed is based on a catch mechanism in the mandible joint that keeps the extended mandibles open during contraction of the powerful closer muscle and allows the potential energy it produces to be stored within cuticular elements, apodemes, and the closer muscle itself. During a strike a relatively small specialized trigger muscle unlocks the catch, instantaneously releasing the stored energy to accelerate the mandible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-398
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Comparative Physiology A
Volume176
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Odontomachus
mandible (bone)
Ants
Jaw
Mandible
jaws
ant
Formicidae
muscle
traps
reflexes
Muscles
muscles
Reflex
potential energy
hair
contraction
energy
joints (animal)
animal

Keywords

  • Ants
  • Fast movements
  • Joint morphology Catch mechanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

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