The First Tidally Disrupted Ultra-faint Dwarf Galaxy? A Spectroscopic Analysis of the Tucana III Stream

T. S. Li, J. D. Simon, K. Kuehn, A. B. Pace, D. Erkal, K. Bechtol, B. Yanny, A. Drlica-Wagner, J. L. Marshall, C. Lidman, E. Balbinot, D. Carollo, S. Jenkins, C. E. Martinez-Vázquez, N. Shipp, K. M. Stringer, A. K. Vivas, A. R. Walker, R. H. Wechsler, F. B. AbdallaS. Allam, J. Annis, S. Avila, E. Bertin, D. Brooks, E. Buckley-Geer, D. L. Burke, A. Carnero Rosell, M. Carrasco Kind, J. Carretero, C. E. Cunha, C. B. D'Andrea, L. N.Da Costa, C. Davis, J. De Vicente, P. Doel, T. F. Eifler, A. E. Evrard, B. Flaugher, J. Frieman, J. Garcia-Bellido, E. Gaztanaga, D. W. Gerdes, D. Gruen, R. A. Gruendl, J. Gschwend, G. Gutierrez, W. G. Hartley, D. L. Hollowood, K. Honscheid, D. J. James, E. Krause, M. A.G. Maia, M. March, F. Menanteau, R. Miquel, A. A. Plazas, E. Sanchez, B. Santiago, V. Scarpine, R. Schindler, M. Schubnell, I. Sevilla-Noarbe, M. Smith, R. C. Smith, M. Soares-Santos, F. Sobreira, E. Suchyta, M. E.C. Swanson, G. Tarle, D. L. Tucker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a spectroscopic study of the tidal tails and core of the Milky Way satellite Tucana III, collectively referred to as the Tucan III stream, using the 2dF+AAOmega spectrograph on the Anglo-Australian Telescope and the IMACS spectrograph on the Magellan Baade Telescope. In addition to recovering the brightest nine previously known member stars in the Tucana III core, we identify 22 members in the tidal tails.We observe strong evidence for a velocity gradient of 8.0 ± 0.4 km s-1 deg-1 over at least 3° on the sky. Based on the continuity in velocity, we confirm that the Tucana III tails are real tidal extensions of Tucana III. The large velocity gradient of the stream implies that Tucana III is likely on a radial orbit. We successfully obtain metallicities for four members in the core and 12 members in the tails. We find that members close to the ends of the stream tend to be more metal-poor than members in the core, indicating a possible metallicity gradient between the center of the progenitor halo and its edge. The spread in metallicity suggests that the progenitor of the Tucana III stream is likely a dwarf galaxy rather than a star cluster. Furthermore, we find that with the precise photometry of the Dark Energy Survey data, there is a discernible color offset between metal-rich disk stars and metal-poor stream members. This metallicity-dependent color offers a more efficient method to recognize metal-poor targets and will increase the selection efficiency of stream members for future spectroscopic follow-up programs on stellar streams.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number22
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume866
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 2018

Keywords

  • Local Group
  • dark matter
  • galaxies: dwarf
  • galaxies: individual (Tucana III)
  • stars: abundances

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Li, T. S., Simon, J. D., Kuehn, K., Pace, A. B., Erkal, D., Bechtol, K., Yanny, B., Drlica-Wagner, A., Marshall, J. L., Lidman, C., Balbinot, E., Carollo, D., Jenkins, S., Martinez-Vázquez, C. E., Shipp, N., Stringer, K. M., Vivas, A. K., Walker, A. R., Wechsler, R. H., ... Tucker, D. L. (2018). The First Tidally Disrupted Ultra-faint Dwarf Galaxy? A Spectroscopic Analysis of the Tucana III Stream. Astrophysical Journal, 866(1), [22]. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aadf91