The flow of glass at high stress levels. I. Non-Newtonian behavior of homogeneous 0.08 Rb2O·0.92 SiO2 glasses

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Abstract

A homogeneous 0.08 Rb2O·0.92 SiO2 glass has been tested at temperatures between 480 and 555°C (low-stress viscosities between 1017.1 and 1013.5 poise) and at stress levels up to 109.5 dyne/cm2 or more. At low stress levels, Newtonian behavior was observed; at stress levels above some critical stress, the viscosity was observed to decrease with increasing stress. This critical stress for non-Newtonian flow was found to be about 109.1 dyne/cm2, approximately independent of temperature. The variation of the viscosity with stress in the high-stress region can be described by absolute rate theory only by assuming a flow volume which increases with increasing stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-147
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1970
Externally publishedYes

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Glass
glass
critical loading
viscosity
Viscosity
Non Newtonian flow
temperature
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

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title = "The flow of glass at high stress levels. I. Non-Newtonian behavior of homogeneous 0.08 Rb2O·0.92 SiO2 glasses",
abstract = "A homogeneous 0.08 Rb2O·0.92 SiO2 glass has been tested at temperatures between 480 and 555°C (low-stress viscosities between 1017.1 and 1013.5 poise) and at stress levels up to 109.5 dyne/cm2 or more. At low stress levels, Newtonian behavior was observed; at stress levels above some critical stress, the viscosity was observed to decrease with increasing stress. This critical stress for non-Newtonian flow was found to be about 109.1 dyne/cm2, approximately independent of temperature. The variation of the viscosity with stress in the high-stress region can be described by absolute rate theory only by assuming a flow volume which increases with increasing stress.",
author = "Li, {J. H.} and Uhlmann, {Donald R}",
year = "1970",
doi = "10.1016/0022-3093(70)90108-0",
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T1 - The flow of glass at high stress levels. I. Non-Newtonian behavior of homogeneous 0.08 Rb2O·0.92 SiO2 glasses

AU - Li, J. H.

AU - Uhlmann, Donald R

PY - 1970

Y1 - 1970

N2 - A homogeneous 0.08 Rb2O·0.92 SiO2 glass has been tested at temperatures between 480 and 555°C (low-stress viscosities between 1017.1 and 1013.5 poise) and at stress levels up to 109.5 dyne/cm2 or more. At low stress levels, Newtonian behavior was observed; at stress levels above some critical stress, the viscosity was observed to decrease with increasing stress. This critical stress for non-Newtonian flow was found to be about 109.1 dyne/cm2, approximately independent of temperature. The variation of the viscosity with stress in the high-stress region can be described by absolute rate theory only by assuming a flow volume which increases with increasing stress.

AB - A homogeneous 0.08 Rb2O·0.92 SiO2 glass has been tested at temperatures between 480 and 555°C (low-stress viscosities between 1017.1 and 1013.5 poise) and at stress levels up to 109.5 dyne/cm2 or more. At low stress levels, Newtonian behavior was observed; at stress levels above some critical stress, the viscosity was observed to decrease with increasing stress. This critical stress for non-Newtonian flow was found to be about 109.1 dyne/cm2, approximately independent of temperature. The variation of the viscosity with stress in the high-stress region can be described by absolute rate theory only by assuming a flow volume which increases with increasing stress.

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