The formation of low-mass binary star systems via turbulent fragmentation

Stella S R Offner, Kaitlin Kratter, Christopher D. Matzner, Mark R. Krumholz, Richard I. Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We characterize the infall rate onto protostellar systems forming in self-gravitating radiation-hydrodynamics simulations. Using two dimensionless parameters to determine the disks' susceptibility to gravitational fragmentation, we infer limits on protostellar system multiplicity and the mechanism of binary formation. We show that these parameters give robust predictions even in the case of marginally resolved protostellar disks.We find that protostellar systems with radiation feedback predominately form binaries via turbulent fragmentation, not disk instability, and predict that turbulent fragmentation is the dominant channel for binary formation for low-mass stars. We clearly demonstrate that systems forming in simulations including radiative feedback have fundamentally different parameters than those in purely hydrodynamics simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1485-1494
Number of pages10
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume725
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 20 2010
Externally publishedYes

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binary stars
fragmentation
hydrodynamics
simulation
radiation
magnetic permeability
stars
prediction
predictions
parameter

Keywords

  • Accretion, accretion disks
  • Binaries: general
  • Radiative transfer
  • Turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

The formation of low-mass binary star systems via turbulent fragmentation. / Offner, Stella S R; Kratter, Kaitlin; Matzner, Christopher D.; Krumholz, Mark R.; Klein, Richard I.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 725, No. 2, 20.12.2010, p. 1485-1494.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Offner, Stella S R ; Kratter, Kaitlin ; Matzner, Christopher D. ; Krumholz, Mark R. ; Klein, Richard I. / The formation of low-mass binary star systems via turbulent fragmentation. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2010 ; Vol. 725, No. 2. pp. 1485-1494.
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