The fundamental plane of gravitational lens galaxies and the evolution of early-type galaxies in low-density environments

C. S. Kochanek, E. E. Falco, C. D. Impey, J. Lehar, B. A. Mcleod, H. W. Rix, C. R. Keeton, J. A. Muñoz, C. Y. Peng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

149 Scopus citations

Abstract

Most gravitational lenses are early-type galaxies in relatively low density environments - a "field" rather than a "cluster" population. Their average properties are the mass-averaged properties of all early-type galaxies. We show that field early-type galaxies with 0 < z < 1, as represented by the lens galaxies, lie on the same fundamental plane as those in rich clusters at similar redshifts. We then use the fundamental plane to measure the combined evolutionary and X-corrections for early-type galaxies in the V, I, and H bands. Only for passively evolving stellar populations formed at zf ≳ 2 (H0 = 65 km s-1 Mpc-1, Ω0 = 0.3, λ0 = 0.7) can the lens galaxies be matched to the local fundamental plane. The high formation epoch and the lack of significant differences between the field and cluster populations contradict many current models of the formation history of early-type galaxies. Lens galaxy colors and the fundamental plane provide good photometric redshift estimates with an empirical accuracy of 〈zFP - zl〉 = -0.04 ± 0.09 for the 20 lenses with known redshifts. A mass model dominated by dark matter is more consistent with the data than either an isotropic or radially anisotropic constant M/L mass model, and a radially anisotropic model is better than an isotropic model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-148
Number of pages18
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume543
Issue number1 PART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2000

Keywords

  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: photometry
  • Gravitational lensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Kochanek, C. S., Falco, E. E., Impey, C. D., Lehar, J., Mcleod, B. A., Rix, H. W., Keeton, C. R., Muñoz, J. A., & Peng, C. Y. (2000). The fundamental plane of gravitational lens galaxies and the evolution of early-type galaxies in low-density environments. Astrophysical Journal, 543(1 PART 1), 131-148. https://doi.org/10.1086/317074