The Gangdese retroarc thrust belt revealed

Paul A Kapp, Peter G Decelles, A. L. Leier, J. M. Fabijanic, S. He, A. Pullen, George E Gehrels, L. Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

134 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Cretaceous-early Tertiary Gangdese arc in southern Tibet is generally attributed to the northward subduction of Neotethyan oceanic lithosphere prior to Indo-Asian collision. However, the history and tectonic significance of deformation and sedimentation in Tibet during this time interval have remained enigmatic. We show that contractional structures and clastic rocks near the city of Lhasa can be attributed to the development of a northward-propagating retroarc thrust belt that was active between 105 and 53 Ma. A kinematic model shows that the thrust belt could have accommodated >230 km (>55%) of N-S shortening. An episode of large magnitude (>160 km) and rapid (>8 mm/yr) shortening predated the onset of a magmatic flare-up ca. 69 Ma, which is linked to removal of overthickened mantle lithosphere. This tectonic history implies that southern Tibet underwent substantial crustal thickening and elevation gain prior to the Indo-Asian collision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4-9
Number of pages6
JournalGSA Today
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007

Fingerprint

thrust
collision
tectonics
clastic rock
crustal thickening
oceanic lithosphere
history
lithosphere
subduction
kinematics
sedimentation
Cretaceous
mantle
removal
city

Keywords

  • Gangdese
  • Lhasa terrane
  • Plateau
  • Retroarc thrust belt
  • Tibet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

Cite this

Kapp, P. A., Decelles, P. G., Leier, A. L., Fabijanic, J. M., He, S., Pullen, A., ... Ding, L. (2007). The Gangdese retroarc thrust belt revealed. GSA Today, 17(7), 4-9. https://doi.org/10.1130/GSAT01707A.1

The Gangdese retroarc thrust belt revealed. / Kapp, Paul A; Decelles, Peter G; Leier, A. L.; Fabijanic, J. M.; He, S.; Pullen, A.; Gehrels, George E; Ding, L.

In: GSA Today, Vol. 17, No. 7, 07.2007, p. 4-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kapp, PA, Decelles, PG, Leier, AL, Fabijanic, JM, He, S, Pullen, A, Gehrels, GE & Ding, L 2007, 'The Gangdese retroarc thrust belt revealed', GSA Today, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 4-9. https://doi.org/10.1130/GSAT01707A.1
Kapp PA, Decelles PG, Leier AL, Fabijanic JM, He S, Pullen A et al. The Gangdese retroarc thrust belt revealed. GSA Today. 2007 Jul;17(7):4-9. https://doi.org/10.1130/GSAT01707A.1
Kapp, Paul A ; Decelles, Peter G ; Leier, A. L. ; Fabijanic, J. M. ; He, S. ; Pullen, A. ; Gehrels, George E ; Ding, L. / The Gangdese retroarc thrust belt revealed. In: GSA Today. 2007 ; Vol. 17, No. 7. pp. 4-9.
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