The Gender Gap in Latin America: Contextual and individual influences on gender and political participation

Scott Desposato, Barbara Norrander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

While a substantial literature explores gender differences in participation in the United States, Commonwealth countries and Western Europe, little attention has been given to gender's impact on participation in the developing world. These countries have diverse experiences with gender politics: some have been leaders in suffrage reforms and equal rights, while, in others, divorce has only recently been legalized. This article examines the relationship between gender and participation in seventeen Latin American countries. Many core results from research in the developed world hold in Latin America as well. Surprisingly, however, there is no evidence that economic development provides an impetus for more equal levels of participation. Instead, the most important contextual factors are civil liberties and women's presence among the visible political elite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-162
Number of pages22
JournalBritish Journal of Political Science
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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