The genome of Eucalyptus grandis

Alexander A. Myburg, Dario Grattapaglia, Gerald A. Tuskan, Uffe Hellsten, Richard D. Hayes, Jane Grimwood, Jerry Jenkins, Erika Lindquist, Hope Tice, Diane Bauer, David M. Goodstein, Inna Dubchak, Alexandre Poliakov, Eshchar Mizrachi, Anand R.K. Kullan, Steven G. Hussey, Desre Pinard, Karen Van Der Merwe, Pooja Singh, Ida Van JaarsveldOrzenil B. Silva-Junior, Roberto C. Togawa, Marilia R. Pappas, Danielle A. Faria, Carolina P. Sansaloni, Cesar D. Petroli, Xiaohan Yang, Priya Ranjan, Timothy J. Tschaplinski, Chu Yu Ye, Ting Li, Lieven Sterck, Kevin Vanneste, Florent Murat, Marçal Soler, Hélène San Clemente, Naijib Saidi, Hua Cassan-Wang, Christophe Dunand, Charles A. Hefer, Erich Bornberg-Bauer, Anna R. Kersting, Kelly Vining, Vindhya Amarasinghe, Martin Ranik, Sushma Naithani, Justin Elser, Alexander E. Boyd, Aaron Liston, Joseph W. Spatafora, Palitha Dharmwardhana, Rajani Raja, Christopher Sullivan, Elisson Romanel, Marcio Alves-Ferreira, Carsten Külheim, William Foley, Victor Carocha, Jorge Paiva, David Kudrna, Sergio H. Brommonschenkel, Giancarlo Pasquali, Margaret Byrne, Philippe Rigault, Josquin Tibbits, Antanas Spokevicius, Rebecca C. Jones, Dorothy A. Steane, René E. Vaillancourt, Brad M. Potts, Fourie Joubert, Kerrie Barry, Georgios J. Pappas, Steven H. Strauss, Pankaj Jaiswal, Jacqueline Grima-Pettenati, Jérôme Salse, Yves Van De Peer, Daniel S. Rokhsar, Jeremy Schmutz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

376 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eucalypts are the world's most widely planted hardwood trees. Their outstanding diversity, adaptability and growth have made them a global renewable resource of fibre and energy. We sequenced and assembled >94% of the 640-megabase genome of Eucalyptus grandis. Of 36,376 predicted protein-coding genes, 34% occur in tandem duplications, the largest proportion thus far in plant genomes. Eucalyptus also shows the highest diversity of genes for specialized metabolites such as terpenes that act as chemical defence and provide unique pharmaceutical oils. Genome sequencing of the E. grandis sister species E. globulus and a set of inbred E. grandis tree genomes reveals dynamic genome evolution and hotspots of inbreeding depression. The E. grandis genome is the first reference for the eudicot order Myrtales and is placed here sister to the eurosids. This resource expands our understanding of the unique biology of large woody perennials and provides a powerful tool to accelerate comparative biology, breeding and biotechnology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)356-362
Number of pages7
JournalNature
Volume510
Issue number7505
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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    Myburg, A. A., Grattapaglia, D., Tuskan, G. A., Hellsten, U., Hayes, R. D., Grimwood, J., Jenkins, J., Lindquist, E., Tice, H., Bauer, D., Goodstein, D. M., Dubchak, I., Poliakov, A., Mizrachi, E., Kullan, A. R. K., Hussey, S. G., Pinard, D., Van Der Merwe, K., Singh, P., ... Schmutz, J. (2014). The genome of Eucalyptus grandis. Nature, 510(7505), 356-362. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature13308