The Head and Neck Muscles of the Serval and Tiger: Homologies, Evolution, and Proposal of a Mammalian and a Veterinary Muscle Ontology

Rui Diogo, Francisco Pastor, Felix De Paz, Josep M. Potau, Gaëlle Bello-Hellegouarch, Eva M. Ferrero, Rebecca E Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here we describe the head and neck muscles of members of the two extant felid subfamilies (Leptailurus serval: Felinae; Panthera tigris: Pantherinae) and compare these muscles with those of other felids, other carnivorans (e.g., domestic dogs), other eutherian mammals (e.g., rats, tree-shrews and modern humans), and noneutherian mammals including monotremes. Another major goal of the article is to discuss and help clarify nomenclatural discrepancies found in the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria and in veterinary atlases and textbooks that use cats and dogs as models to understand the anatomy of domestic mammals and to stress differences with modern humans. We propose a unifying nomenclature that is expanded to all the head and neck muscles and to all mammalian taxa in order to help build veterinary and mammalian muscle ontologies. Our observations and comparisons and the specific use of this nomenclature point out that felids such as tigers and servals and other carnivorans such as dogs have more facial muscle structures related to the mobility of both the auricular and orbital regions than numerous other mammals, including modern humans, which might be the result of an ancient adaptation related to the remarkable predatory capacities of carnivorans. Interestingly, the skeletal differences, mainly concerning the hyoid apparatus, pharynx, and larynx, that are likely associated with the different types of vocalizations seen in the Felinae (mainly purring) and Pantherinae (mainly roaring) are not accompanied by clear differences in the musculature connected to these structures in the feline L. serval and the pantherine P. tigris.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2157-2178
Number of pages22
JournalAnatomical Record
Volume295
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Fingerprint

Tigers
Neck Muscles
Panthera tigris
homology
neck
Mammals
muscle
felid
Head
Felidae
mammal
Muscles
muscles
mammals
Dogs
Terminology
nomenclature
Tupaiidae
dogs
Facial Muscles

Keywords

  • Anatomy
  • Evolution
  • Felids
  • Head and neck muscles
  • Homologies
  • Mammals
  • Ontology
  • Serval and tiger

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biotechnology

Cite this

The Head and Neck Muscles of the Serval and Tiger : Homologies, Evolution, and Proposal of a Mammalian and a Veterinary Muscle Ontology. / Diogo, Rui; Pastor, Francisco; De Paz, Felix; Potau, Josep M.; Bello-Hellegouarch, Gaëlle; Ferrero, Eva M.; Fisher, Rebecca E.

In: Anatomical Record, Vol. 295, No. 12, 12.2012, p. 2157-2178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Diogo, Rui ; Pastor, Francisco ; De Paz, Felix ; Potau, Josep M. ; Bello-Hellegouarch, Gaëlle ; Ferrero, Eva M. ; Fisher, Rebecca E. / The Head and Neck Muscles of the Serval and Tiger : Homologies, Evolution, and Proposal of a Mammalian and a Veterinary Muscle Ontology. In: Anatomical Record. 2012 ; Vol. 295, No. 12. pp. 2157-2178.
@article{5baccd5ab1db4d6f821522005aa11e0a,
title = "The Head and Neck Muscles of the Serval and Tiger: Homologies, Evolution, and Proposal of a Mammalian and a Veterinary Muscle Ontology",
abstract = "Here we describe the head and neck muscles of members of the two extant felid subfamilies (Leptailurus serval: Felinae; Panthera tigris: Pantherinae) and compare these muscles with those of other felids, other carnivorans (e.g., domestic dogs), other eutherian mammals (e.g., rats, tree-shrews and modern humans), and noneutherian mammals including monotremes. Another major goal of the article is to discuss and help clarify nomenclatural discrepancies found in the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria and in veterinary atlases and textbooks that use cats and dogs as models to understand the anatomy of domestic mammals and to stress differences with modern humans. We propose a unifying nomenclature that is expanded to all the head and neck muscles and to all mammalian taxa in order to help build veterinary and mammalian muscle ontologies. Our observations and comparisons and the specific use of this nomenclature point out that felids such as tigers and servals and other carnivorans such as dogs have more facial muscle structures related to the mobility of both the auricular and orbital regions than numerous other mammals, including modern humans, which might be the result of an ancient adaptation related to the remarkable predatory capacities of carnivorans. Interestingly, the skeletal differences, mainly concerning the hyoid apparatus, pharynx, and larynx, that are likely associated with the different types of vocalizations seen in the Felinae (mainly purring) and Pantherinae (mainly roaring) are not accompanied by clear differences in the musculature connected to these structures in the feline L. serval and the pantherine P. tigris.",
keywords = "Anatomy, Evolution, Felids, Head and neck muscles, Homologies, Mammals, Ontology, Serval and tiger",
author = "Rui Diogo and Francisco Pastor and {De Paz}, Felix and Potau, {Josep M.} and Ga{\"e}lle Bello-Hellegouarch and Ferrero, {Eva M.} and Fisher, {Rebecca E}",
year = "2012",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1002/ar.22589",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "295",
pages = "2157--2178",
journal = "Anatomical Record",
issn = "1932-8486",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Head and Neck Muscles of the Serval and Tiger

T2 - Homologies, Evolution, and Proposal of a Mammalian and a Veterinary Muscle Ontology

AU - Diogo, Rui

AU - Pastor, Francisco

AU - De Paz, Felix

AU - Potau, Josep M.

AU - Bello-Hellegouarch, Gaëlle

AU - Ferrero, Eva M.

AU - Fisher, Rebecca E

PY - 2012/12

Y1 - 2012/12

N2 - Here we describe the head and neck muscles of members of the two extant felid subfamilies (Leptailurus serval: Felinae; Panthera tigris: Pantherinae) and compare these muscles with those of other felids, other carnivorans (e.g., domestic dogs), other eutherian mammals (e.g., rats, tree-shrews and modern humans), and noneutherian mammals including monotremes. Another major goal of the article is to discuss and help clarify nomenclatural discrepancies found in the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria and in veterinary atlases and textbooks that use cats and dogs as models to understand the anatomy of domestic mammals and to stress differences with modern humans. We propose a unifying nomenclature that is expanded to all the head and neck muscles and to all mammalian taxa in order to help build veterinary and mammalian muscle ontologies. Our observations and comparisons and the specific use of this nomenclature point out that felids such as tigers and servals and other carnivorans such as dogs have more facial muscle structures related to the mobility of both the auricular and orbital regions than numerous other mammals, including modern humans, which might be the result of an ancient adaptation related to the remarkable predatory capacities of carnivorans. Interestingly, the skeletal differences, mainly concerning the hyoid apparatus, pharynx, and larynx, that are likely associated with the different types of vocalizations seen in the Felinae (mainly purring) and Pantherinae (mainly roaring) are not accompanied by clear differences in the musculature connected to these structures in the feline L. serval and the pantherine P. tigris.

AB - Here we describe the head and neck muscles of members of the two extant felid subfamilies (Leptailurus serval: Felinae; Panthera tigris: Pantherinae) and compare these muscles with those of other felids, other carnivorans (e.g., domestic dogs), other eutherian mammals (e.g., rats, tree-shrews and modern humans), and noneutherian mammals including monotremes. Another major goal of the article is to discuss and help clarify nomenclatural discrepancies found in the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria and in veterinary atlases and textbooks that use cats and dogs as models to understand the anatomy of domestic mammals and to stress differences with modern humans. We propose a unifying nomenclature that is expanded to all the head and neck muscles and to all mammalian taxa in order to help build veterinary and mammalian muscle ontologies. Our observations and comparisons and the specific use of this nomenclature point out that felids such as tigers and servals and other carnivorans such as dogs have more facial muscle structures related to the mobility of both the auricular and orbital regions than numerous other mammals, including modern humans, which might be the result of an ancient adaptation related to the remarkable predatory capacities of carnivorans. Interestingly, the skeletal differences, mainly concerning the hyoid apparatus, pharynx, and larynx, that are likely associated with the different types of vocalizations seen in the Felinae (mainly purring) and Pantherinae (mainly roaring) are not accompanied by clear differences in the musculature connected to these structures in the feline L. serval and the pantherine P. tigris.

KW - Anatomy

KW - Evolution

KW - Felids

KW - Head and neck muscles

KW - Homologies

KW - Mammals

KW - Ontology

KW - Serval and tiger

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84869498363&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84869498363&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ar.22589

DO - 10.1002/ar.22589

M3 - Article

C2 - 22961868

AN - SCOPUS:84869498363

VL - 295

SP - 2157

EP - 2178

JO - Anatomical Record

JF - Anatomical Record

SN - 1932-8486

IS - 12

ER -