The health care experience of patients with cancer during the last year of life: Analysis of the SEER-CAHPS data set

Michael Halpern, Matthew P. Urato, Erin E. Kent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Providing high-quality medical care for individuals with cancer during their last year of life involves a range of challenges. An important component of high-quality care during this critical period is ensuring optimal patient satisfaction. The objective of the current study was to assess factors influencing health care ratings among individuals with cancer within 1 year before death. METHODS: The current study used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) data set, a new data resource linking patient-reported information from the CAHPS Medicare Survey with clinical information from the National Cancer Institute's SEER program. The study included 5102 Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with cancer who completed CAHPS between 1998 and 2011 within 1 year before their death. Multivariable logistic regression analyses examined associations between patient demographic and insurance characteristics with 9 measures of health care experience. RESULTS: Patients with higher general or mental health status were significantly more likely to indicate excellent experience with nearly all measures examined. Sex, race/ethnicity, and education also were found to be significant predictors for certain ratings. Greater time before death predicted an increased likelihood of higher ratings for health plan and specialist physician. Clinical characteristics were found to have few significant associations with experience of care. Individuals in fee-for-service Medicare plans (vs Medicare Advantage) had a greater likelihood of excellent experience with health plans, getting care quickly, and getting needed care. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with cancer within 1 year before death, experience with health plans, physicians, and medical care were found to be associated with sociodemographic, insurance, and clinical characteristics. These findings provide guidance for the development of programs to improve the experience of care among individuals with cancer. Cancer 2017;123:336–344.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-344
Number of pages9
JournalCancer
Volume123
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Health Personnel
Epidemiology
Delivery of Health Care
Medicare
Neoplasms
Quality of Health Care
Insurance
Health
Medicare Part C
SEER Program
Physicians
Fee-for-Service Plans
Program Development
National Cancer Institute (U.S.)
Patient Satisfaction
Health Status
Datasets
Mental Health
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • and End Results (SEER)
  • cancer
  • Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS)
  • Epidemiology
  • Medicare
  • patient satisfaction
  • Surveillance
  • surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

The health care experience of patients with cancer during the last year of life : Analysis of the SEER-CAHPS data set. / Halpern, Michael; Urato, Matthew P.; Kent, Erin E.

In: Cancer, Vol. 123, No. 2, 01.01.2017, p. 336-344.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Providing high-quality medical care for individuals with cancer during their last year of life involves a range of challenges. An important component of high-quality care during this critical period is ensuring optimal patient satisfaction. The objective of the current study was to assess factors influencing health care ratings among individuals with cancer within 1 year before death. METHODS: The current study used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) data set, a new data resource linking patient-reported information from the CAHPS Medicare Survey with clinical information from the National Cancer Institute's SEER program. The study included 5102 Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with cancer who completed CAHPS between 1998 and 2011 within 1 year before their death. Multivariable logistic regression analyses examined associations between patient demographic and insurance characteristics with 9 measures of health care experience. RESULTS: Patients with higher general or mental health status were significantly more likely to indicate excellent experience with nearly all measures examined. Sex, race/ethnicity, and education also were found to be significant predictors for certain ratings. Greater time before death predicted an increased likelihood of higher ratings for health plan and specialist physician. Clinical characteristics were found to have few significant associations with experience of care. Individuals in fee-for-service Medicare plans (vs Medicare Advantage) had a greater likelihood of excellent experience with health plans, getting care quickly, and getting needed care. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with cancer within 1 year before death, experience with health plans, physicians, and medical care were found to be associated with sociodemographic, insurance, and clinical characteristics. These findings provide guidance for the development of programs to improve the experience of care among individuals with cancer. Cancer 2017;123:336–344.",
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