The HST Large Programme on NGC 6752 - II. Multiple populations at the bottom of the main sequence probed in NIR

A. P. Milone, A. F. Marino, L. R. Bedin, J. Anderson, Daniel Apai, A. Bellini, A. DIeball, M. Salaris, M. Libralato, D. Nardiello, P. Bergeron, A. J. Burgasser, J. M. Rees, R. M. Rich, H. B. Richer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Historically, multiple populations in globular clusters (GCs) have been mostly studied from ultraviolet and optical filters down to stars that are more massive than ∼0.6 M⊙. Here, we exploit deep near-infrared (NIR) photometry from the Hubble Space Telescope to investigate multiple populations among M-dwarfs in the GC NGC 6752. We discovered that the three main populations (A, B, and C), previously observed in the brightest part of the colour-magnitude diagram (CMD), define three distinct sequences that run from the main-sequence (MS) knee towards the bottom of the MS (∼0.15 M⊙). These results, together with similar findings on NGC 2808, M 4, and ω Centauri, demonstrate that multiple sequences of M-dwarfs are common features of the CMDs of GCs. The three sequences of low-mass stars in NGC 6752 are consistent with stellar populations with different oxygen abundances. The range of [O/Fe] needed to reproduce the NIR CMD of NGC 6752 is similar to the oxygen spread inferred from high-resolution spectroscopy of red giant branch (RGB) stars. The relative numbers of stars in the three populations of M-dwarfs are similar to those derived among RGB and MS stars more massive than ∼0.6 M⊙. As a consequence, the evidence that the properties of multiple populations do not depend on stellar mass is a constraint for the formation scenarios.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4046-4053
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume484
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 11 2019

Fingerprint

near infrared
diagram
oxygen
globular clusters
stars
color-magnitude diagram
spectroscopy
filter
ultraviolet filters
infrared photometry
main sequence stars
optical filters
stellar mass
Hubble Space Telescope
programme
high resolution

Keywords

  • globular clusters: individual: NGC 6752
  • Hertzsprung-Russell and colour-magnitude diagrams
  • stars: Population II
  • techniques: photometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

The HST Large Programme on NGC 6752 - II. Multiple populations at the bottom of the main sequence probed in NIR. / Milone, A. P.; Marino, A. F.; Bedin, L. R.; Anderson, J.; Apai, Daniel; Bellini, A.; DIeball, A.; Salaris, M.; Libralato, M.; Nardiello, D.; Bergeron, P.; Burgasser, A. J.; Rees, J. M.; Rich, R. M.; Richer, H. B.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 484, No. 3, 11.04.2019, p. 4046-4053.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Milone, AP, Marino, AF, Bedin, LR, Anderson, J, Apai, D, Bellini, A, DIeball, A, Salaris, M, Libralato, M, Nardiello, D, Bergeron, P, Burgasser, AJ, Rees, JM, Rich, RM & Richer, HB 2019, 'The HST Large Programme on NGC 6752 - II. Multiple populations at the bottom of the main sequence probed in NIR', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 484, no. 3, pp. 4046-4053. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz277
Milone, A. P. ; Marino, A. F. ; Bedin, L. R. ; Anderson, J. ; Apai, Daniel ; Bellini, A. ; DIeball, A. ; Salaris, M. ; Libralato, M. ; Nardiello, D. ; Bergeron, P. ; Burgasser, A. J. ; Rees, J. M. ; Rich, R. M. ; Richer, H. B. / The HST Large Programme on NGC 6752 - II. Multiple populations at the bottom of the main sequence probed in NIR. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2019 ; Vol. 484, No. 3. pp. 4046-4053.
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AU - Marino, A. F.

AU - Bedin, L. R.

AU - Anderson, J.

AU - Apai, Daniel

AU - Bellini, A.

AU - DIeball, A.

AU - Salaris, M.

AU - Libralato, M.

AU - Nardiello, D.

AU - Bergeron, P.

AU - Burgasser, A. J.

AU - Rees, J. M.

AU - Rich, R. M.

AU - Richer, H. B.

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N2 - Historically, multiple populations in globular clusters (GCs) have been mostly studied from ultraviolet and optical filters down to stars that are more massive than ∼0.6 M⊙. Here, we exploit deep near-infrared (NIR) photometry from the Hubble Space Telescope to investigate multiple populations among M-dwarfs in the GC NGC 6752. We discovered that the three main populations (A, B, and C), previously observed in the brightest part of the colour-magnitude diagram (CMD), define three distinct sequences that run from the main-sequence (MS) knee towards the bottom of the MS (∼0.15 M⊙). These results, together with similar findings on NGC 2808, M 4, and ω Centauri, demonstrate that multiple sequences of M-dwarfs are common features of the CMDs of GCs. The three sequences of low-mass stars in NGC 6752 are consistent with stellar populations with different oxygen abundances. The range of [O/Fe] needed to reproduce the NIR CMD of NGC 6752 is similar to the oxygen spread inferred from high-resolution spectroscopy of red giant branch (RGB) stars. The relative numbers of stars in the three populations of M-dwarfs are similar to those derived among RGB and MS stars more massive than ∼0.6 M⊙. As a consequence, the evidence that the properties of multiple populations do not depend on stellar mass is a constraint for the formation scenarios.

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