The impact of blood product ratios in massively transfused pediatric trauma patients

Lauren Nosanov, Kenji Inaba, Obi Okoye, Shelby Resnick, Jeffrey Upperman, Ira Shulman, Peter M Rhee, Demetrios Demetriades

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Few studies have examined the impact of balanced resuscitation in pediatric trauma patients requiring massive transfusions. Adult data may not be generalizable to children. Methods Retrospective analysis assessed patients seen at a level I trauma center between 2003 and 2010 aged ≤18 years requiring massive packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion, defined as transfusion of ≥50% total blood volume. After excluding mortalities in the first 24 hours, the impact of plasma and platelet ratios on mortality was evaluated. Results Of 6,675 pediatric trauma patients, 105 were massively transfused (mean age, 12.4 ± 6.3 years; mean Injury Severity Score, 25.8 ± 11.4; mortality rate, 18.1%). All deceased patients sustained severe head injuries. Plasma/PRBC and platelet/PRBC ratios were not significantly associated with mortality. Conclusions In this study, higher plasma/PRBC and platelet/PRBC ratios were not associated with increased survival in children. The value of aggressive blood product transfusion for injured pediatric patients requires further prospective validation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)655-660
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume206
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Fingerprint

Pediatrics
Erythrocytes
Wounds and Injuries
Blood Platelets
Mortality
Erythrocyte Transfusion
Injury Severity Score
Trauma Centers
Blood Volume
Craniocerebral Trauma
Resuscitation
Blood Transfusion
Survival

Keywords

  • Coagulopathy
  • Hemorrhage
  • Massive transfusion protocol
  • Pediatrics
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Nosanov, L., Inaba, K., Okoye, O., Resnick, S., Upperman, J., Shulman, I., ... Demetriades, D. (2013). The impact of blood product ratios in massively transfused pediatric trauma patients. American Journal of Surgery, 206(5), 655-660. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.07.009

The impact of blood product ratios in massively transfused pediatric trauma patients. / Nosanov, Lauren; Inaba, Kenji; Okoye, Obi; Resnick, Shelby; Upperman, Jeffrey; Shulman, Ira; Rhee, Peter M; Demetriades, Demetrios.

In: American Journal of Surgery, Vol. 206, No. 5, 11.2013, p. 655-660.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nosanov, L, Inaba, K, Okoye, O, Resnick, S, Upperman, J, Shulman, I, Rhee, PM & Demetriades, D 2013, 'The impact of blood product ratios in massively transfused pediatric trauma patients', American Journal of Surgery, vol. 206, no. 5, pp. 655-660. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.07.009
Nosanov, Lauren ; Inaba, Kenji ; Okoye, Obi ; Resnick, Shelby ; Upperman, Jeffrey ; Shulman, Ira ; Rhee, Peter M ; Demetriades, Demetrios. / The impact of blood product ratios in massively transfused pediatric trauma patients. In: American Journal of Surgery. 2013 ; Vol. 206, No. 5. pp. 655-660.
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