The impact of community structure of social contact network on epidemic outbreak and effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions

Youzhong Wang, Dajun Zeng, Zhidong Cao, Yong Wang, Hongbin Song, Xiaolong Zheng

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The topology structure of social contacts network has a big impact on dynamic patterns of epidemic spreading and effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions. Corresponding to individuals' behavioral or functional units, people are commonly organized in small communities, meaning that most of social contacts networks tend to display community structure property. Through empirical investigation and Monte-Carlo simulation on a big H1N1 outbreak in a Chinese university campus, this paper explores the impact of community structure property of social contacts network on epidemic spreading and effectiveness of interventions. A stochastic model based on social contacts networks among students is constructed to simulate this outbreak, revealing that epidemic outbreaks commonly occur in local community. Moreover, effectiveness of three quarantine-based interventions is quantitatively studied by our proposed model, finding that community structure of social networks determines the effects these measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Pages108-120
Number of pages13
Volume6749 LNCS
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventPacific Asia Workshop on Intelligence and Security Informatics, PAISI 2011 - Beijing, China
Duration: Jul 9 2011Jul 9 2011

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume6749 LNCS
ISSN (Print)03029743
ISSN (Electronic)16113349

Other

OtherPacific Asia Workshop on Intelligence and Security Informatics, PAISI 2011
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period7/9/117/9/11

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Keywords

  • community structure
  • epidemic outbreak
  • H1N1
  • non-pharmaceutical Interventions
  • social contact network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Theoretical Computer Science

Cite this

Wang, Y., Zeng, D., Cao, Z., Wang, Y., Song, H., & Zheng, X. (2011). The impact of community structure of social contact network on epidemic outbreak and effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) (Vol. 6749 LNCS, pp. 108-120). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 6749 LNCS). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-22039-5_12