The impact of health information exchange on health outcomes

Ana L. Hincapie, Terri L Warholak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objective: Healthcare professionals, industry and policy makers have identified Health Information Exchange (HIE) as a solution to improve patient safety and overall quality of care. The potential benefits of HIE on healthcare have fostered its implementation and adoption in the United States. However,there is a dearth of publications that demonstrate HIE effectiveness. The purpose of this review was to identify and describe evidence of HIE impact on healthcare outcomes. Methods: A database search was conducted. The inclusion criteria included original investigations in English that focused on a HIE outcome evaluation. Two independent investigators reviewed the articles. A qualitative coding approach was used to analyze the data. Results: Out of 207 abstracts retrieved, five articles met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 3 were randomized controlled trials, 1 involved retrospective review of data, and 1 was a prospective study. We found that HIE benefits on healthcare outcomes are still sparsely evaluated, and that among the measurements used to evaluate HIE healthcare utilization is the most widely used. Conclusions: Outcomes evaluation is required to give healthcare providers and policy-makers evidence to incorporate in decision-making processes. This review showed a dearth of HIE outcomes data in the published peer reviewed literature so more research in this area is needed. Future HIE evaluations with different levels of interoperability should incorporate a framework that allows a detailed examination of HIE outcomes that are likely to positively affect care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-507
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Clinical Informatics
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

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Health
Delivery of Health Care
Administrative Personnel
Health Information Exchange
Health Care Sector
Quality of Health Care
Electronic data interchange
Patient Safety
Interoperability
Health Personnel
Publications
Decision Making
Randomized Controlled Trials
Decision making
Research Personnel
Databases
Prospective Studies
Research
Industry

Keywords

  • Health information exchanges
  • Health services
  • Health utilization
  • Medical record linkage
  • Review literature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Health Information Management

Cite this

The impact of health information exchange on health outcomes. / Hincapie, Ana L.; Warholak, Terri L.

In: Applied Clinical Informatics, Vol. 2, No. 4, 2011, p. 499-507.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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