The impact of promotoras on social support and glycemic control among members of a farmworker community on the US-Mexico border

Maia Ingram, Emma Torres, Flor Redondo, Gail Bradford, Chin Wang, Mary L. O'Toole

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to describe the effect of a promotora-driven intervention to build social support as a means to affect self-management behaviors and clinical outcomes in a farmworker community on the US-Mexico border. Methods: Promotoras implemented a community-based intervention that included support groups, home/hospital visits, telephone support, and advocacy to people with diabetes. A 12-month pre/post study design was used to investigate the relationship between promotora contact, perceived support, and clinical outcomes. Clinical data were gathered from 70 participants during routine physician visits. A pre/post questionnaire was used to measure perceived support and self-management practices. Results: Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels decreased 1% among high-risk participants. Improved HbA1c level was associated with promotora advocacy and participation in promotora-led support groups. Participants reported increased support from family and friends and more comfort speaking about diabetes (la enfermedad) with family and friends. Conclusions: These findings document improvement in both clinical and social health indicators for Mexican Americans in a farmworker community when a promotora model is used to provide and facilitate culturally relevant support for diabetes self-management practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172S-178S
JournalDiabetes Educator
Volume33
Issue numberSUPPL. 6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)

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