The impact of SEC disclosure monitoring on the uncertainty of fair value estimates

Daniel A. Bens, Mei - Cheng, Monica I Neamtiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the role played by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in monitoring fair value disclosures in regulatory filings. Specifically, we assess whether SEC action via the issuance of fair value comment letters to registrants is followed by reductions in uncertainty about the firms' fair value estimates. We hypothesize that registrants that receive a comment letter focusing on their fair value disclosure policies experience reductions in investor uncertainty regarding their fair value estimates in the post-letter period, compared to the preletter period. Supporting this prediction, we find that for the periods after the fair value comment letters, the associations between Level 2 and 3 fair value assets and our measures of uncertainty are significantly reduced. These findings are robust to a series of tests designed to ensure that we do not simply capture general changes in market uncertainty levels for firms investing in these types of assets. Our study contributes to the further understanding of market participants' perception of fair value disclosures by investigating the role of SEC enforcement. This finding is important given recent criticisms of fair value reporting emanating from the highest levels of government and industry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-375
Number of pages27
JournalAccounting Review
Volume91
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Fingerprint

Monitoring
Securities and Exchange Commission
Disclosure
Uncertainty
Fair value
Assets
Prediction
Investing
Investors
Disclosure policy
Market uncertainty
Industry
Criticism
Government
Enforcement

Keywords

  • Comment letters
  • Fair value estimates
  • Information uncertainty
  • SEC enforcement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Accounting
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

The impact of SEC disclosure monitoring on the uncertainty of fair value estimates. / Bens, Daniel A.; Cheng, Mei -; Neamtiu, Monica I.

In: Accounting Review, Vol. 91, No. 2, 01.03.2016, p. 349-375.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{7fc252bc380440f6b62c0d746d93f229,
title = "The impact of SEC disclosure monitoring on the uncertainty of fair value estimates",
abstract = "We investigate the role played by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in monitoring fair value disclosures in regulatory filings. Specifically, we assess whether SEC action via the issuance of fair value comment letters to registrants is followed by reductions in uncertainty about the firms' fair value estimates. We hypothesize that registrants that receive a comment letter focusing on their fair value disclosure policies experience reductions in investor uncertainty regarding their fair value estimates in the post-letter period, compared to the preletter period. Supporting this prediction, we find that for the periods after the fair value comment letters, the associations between Level 2 and 3 fair value assets and our measures of uncertainty are significantly reduced. These findings are robust to a series of tests designed to ensure that we do not simply capture general changes in market uncertainty levels for firms investing in these types of assets. Our study contributes to the further understanding of market participants' perception of fair value disclosures by investigating the role of SEC enforcement. This finding is important given recent criticisms of fair value reporting emanating from the highest levels of government and industry.",
keywords = "Comment letters, Fair value estimates, Information uncertainty, SEC enforcement",
author = "Bens, {Daniel A.} and Cheng, {Mei -} and Neamtiu, {Monica I}",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2308/accr-51248",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "91",
pages = "349--375",
journal = "Accounting Review",
issn = "0001-4826",
publisher = "American Accounting Association",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of SEC disclosure monitoring on the uncertainty of fair value estimates

AU - Bens, Daniel A.

AU - Cheng, Mei -

AU - Neamtiu, Monica I

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - We investigate the role played by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in monitoring fair value disclosures in regulatory filings. Specifically, we assess whether SEC action via the issuance of fair value comment letters to registrants is followed by reductions in uncertainty about the firms' fair value estimates. We hypothesize that registrants that receive a comment letter focusing on their fair value disclosure policies experience reductions in investor uncertainty regarding their fair value estimates in the post-letter period, compared to the preletter period. Supporting this prediction, we find that for the periods after the fair value comment letters, the associations between Level 2 and 3 fair value assets and our measures of uncertainty are significantly reduced. These findings are robust to a series of tests designed to ensure that we do not simply capture general changes in market uncertainty levels for firms investing in these types of assets. Our study contributes to the further understanding of market participants' perception of fair value disclosures by investigating the role of SEC enforcement. This finding is important given recent criticisms of fair value reporting emanating from the highest levels of government and industry.

AB - We investigate the role played by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in monitoring fair value disclosures in regulatory filings. Specifically, we assess whether SEC action via the issuance of fair value comment letters to registrants is followed by reductions in uncertainty about the firms' fair value estimates. We hypothesize that registrants that receive a comment letter focusing on their fair value disclosure policies experience reductions in investor uncertainty regarding their fair value estimates in the post-letter period, compared to the preletter period. Supporting this prediction, we find that for the periods after the fair value comment letters, the associations between Level 2 and 3 fair value assets and our measures of uncertainty are significantly reduced. These findings are robust to a series of tests designed to ensure that we do not simply capture general changes in market uncertainty levels for firms investing in these types of assets. Our study contributes to the further understanding of market participants' perception of fair value disclosures by investigating the role of SEC enforcement. This finding is important given recent criticisms of fair value reporting emanating from the highest levels of government and industry.

KW - Comment letters

KW - Fair value estimates

KW - Information uncertainty

KW - SEC enforcement

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84963545884&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84963545884&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2308/accr-51248

DO - 10.2308/accr-51248

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84963545884

VL - 91

SP - 349

EP - 375

JO - Accounting Review

JF - Accounting Review

SN - 0001-4826

IS - 2

ER -