The Impact of World War II on the Demand for Female Workers in Manufacturing

Dina Shatnawi, Price Fishback

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Most studies of female workers in the 1940s focus on labor supply. We use the basics of supply and demand to measure the impact of WWII on the short- and medium-run demand for female workers in manufacturing. Demand rose for both salaried and production female workers during the war and then fell after the war. However, the post-war demands for both groups were substantially higher than before the war and higher than the levels that would have been reached had the demands followed a counterfactual growth path from the boom period in the 1920s.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)539-574
Number of pages36
JournalJournal of Economic History
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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