The influence of a central stimulus on visual field measurements in children from 3.5 to 30 months of age

Erin M Harvey, Velma Dobson, Dana B. Narter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations


Purpose. To provide normative data on the effect of a central competing stimulus on monocular visual field extent in 3.5- to 9-month-olds and adults, and binocular visual field extent in 11- to 30-month-olds. Methods. Visual field extent along diagonal meridia was measured in 180 infants and children (N = 30 at 3.5, 7, 9, 11, 17, and 30 months) and 20 adults, using static perimetry. Stimuli were 3-deg, 10-Hz flickering, yellow light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Each subject was tested with 12 trials in which the central stimulus remained on and 12 trials in which the central stimulus was turned off during presentation of the peripheral stimulus. Results. A competing stimulus produced a decreased frequency of eye movements at 17 months and evidence suggestive of decreased measured field extent at 17 and 30 months. Conclusions. A continuously present central stimulus does not produce underestimation of visual field extent in 3.5- to 9-month-old infants with normal vision and adults tested monocularly and 11-month-old infants tested binocularly. However, visual field extent may be underestimated in 1- and 2- year-olds if a competing central stimulus is used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)768-774
Number of pages7
JournalOptometry and Vision Science
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1997



  • Attention
  • Children
  • Infants
  • Perimetry
  • Visual fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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