The influence of cimetidine on the disposition pharmacokinetics of the antidepressant drug, venlafaxine, and its active metabolite, O- desmethylvenlafaxine, was examined in 18 healthy young men and women. The steady-state pharmacokinetic profiles of venlafaxine and O- desmethylvenlafaxine were evaluated during a 24-hour period after 5 days of treatment with venlafaxine (50 mg three times a day) and during a second 24- hour period after 5 days of combination treatment with venlafaxine (50 mg three times a day) and cimetidine (800 mg once a day). The apparent oral clearance of venlafaxine decreased significantly in the presence of cimetidine and the average steady-state plasma concentration of venlafaxine increased significantly in the presence of cimetidine, but there were no changes in the corresponding concentrations of the active metabolite. However, O-desmethylvenlafaxine exhibits pharmacologic activity that is approximately equimolar to that of venlafaxine, and the sum of venlafaxine plus O-desmethylvenlafaxine plasma concentrations was increased by an average of only 13%. Therefore, the effect of cimetidine coadministration is not expected to result in clinically important alterations in the response to venlafaxine in patients with depression. This may not be true, however, for patients with compromised hepatic metabolic function.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of clinical pharmacology|
|State||Published - May 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)