The influence of life history strategies on regional variation in social and sexual equality in Italy, Spain and Mexico

Candace Jasmine Black, Mateo Peñaherrera-Aguirre, Cindy Elizabeth Chavarria Minera, Aurelio J Figueredo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Causative processes behind variability in social and sexual equality appear to include resource availability and competition, variables that are also evidenced to drive life history evolution. Here we review social and sexual equality in terms of their relevance as social sequelae of life history strategies, and thus as integral to understanding the sociodemographic differences among human populations. We focus on two multivariate latent constructs: Sexual inequality and economic inequality. The theoretical rationale for these constructs is provided, and the indicators for each are introduced. Our results, based on data for subnational regions of Italy, Spain and Mexico, indicate that egalitarianism is predicted by slower life history strategies, with residual direct effects of climatic variables also found to select for slower life histories. We discuss the implications of these findings to an understanding of human social biogeography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-354
Number of pages17
JournalMankind Quarterly
Volume57
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • Economic equality
  • Life History Theory
  • Population differences
  • Sexual equality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The influence of life history strategies on regional variation in social and sexual equality in Italy, Spain and Mexico'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this