The influence of nitrogen availability on carbon and nitrogen storage in the biennial Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. I. Storage capacity in relation to resource acquisition, allocation and recycling

H. HEILMEIER, M. FREUND, T. STEINLEIN, E. ‐D SCHULZE, R. K. MONSON

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plants of Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. were cultivated under five different nitrogen regimes in order to investigate the effects of nitrogen supply on the storage processes in a biennial species during its first year of growth. External N supply increased total biomass production without changing the relationship between ‘productive plant compartments’ (i.e. shoot plus fine roots) and ‘storage plant compartments’ (i.e. structural root dry weight, which is defined as the difference between tap root biomass and the amount of stored carbohydrates and N compounds). The amount of carbohydrates and N compounds stored per unit of structural tap root dry weight was not affected by external N availability during the season, because high rates of N supply increased the concentration of N compounds whilst decreasing the carbohydrate concentration, and low rates of N supply had the opposite effect. Mobilization of N from senescing leaves was not related to the N status of the plants. The relationship between nitrogen compounds stored in the tap root and the maximum amount of nitrogen in leaves was an increasing function with increasing nitrogen supply. We conclude that the allocation between vegetative plant growth and the growth of storage structures over a wide range of N availability seems to follow predictions from optimum allocation theory, whereas N storage responds in a rather plastic way to N availability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1125-1131
Number of pages7
JournalPlant, Cell & Environment
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asteraceae
  • Cirsium vulgare
  • amino acids
  • biennial species
  • carbohydrates
  • nitrogen
  • storage
  • thistle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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