OBJECTIVES: To summarize technologies that have been described in nursing literature (in the context of oncology) over the last 25 years, and to present projections of possible technology in the future of oncology nursing. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL (1982 to present), MEDLINE (1976 to 1984), and author identification of articles. CONCLUSIONS: Technology has greatly influenced the evolution of oncology nursing, particularly concerning treatment (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biotherapy, marrow and blood transplantation), access devices, and genetic and information technologies. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Nurses must be prepared to deal with how technology affects their philosophical perspective of nursing and the challenges presented by technology.
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