In an important sense, support of the respiratory system has been a defining characteristic of intensive care since its inception. The pace of basic and clinical research in this field has escalated over the past two decades, resulting in palpable improvement at the bedside as measured by both efficacy and outcome. As in all medical research, however, novel ideas built upon observations are continually proposed, tested, and either retained or discarded on the basis of the persuasiveness of the evidence. What follows are concise descriptions of the current standards of management practice in respiratory support, the areas of present-day uncertainty, and our suggested agenda for the near future of research aimed at testing current assumptions, probing uncertainties, and solidifying the foundation on which to base our progress to the next level.
- Acute respiratory failure
- Mechanical ventilation
- Non-invasive ventilation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine