The interplanetary network supplement to the fermi GBM catalog of cosmic gamma-ray bursts

K. Hurley, V. D. Pal'Shin, R. L. Aptekar, S. V. Golenetskii, D. D. Frederiks, E. P. Mazets, D. S. Svinkin, M. S. Briggs, V. Connaughton, C. Meegan, J. Goldsten, William V. Boynton, C. Fellows, K. Harshman, I. G. Mitrofanov, D. V. Golovin, A. S. Kozyrev, M. L. Litvak, A. B. Sanin, A. Rau & 20 others A. Von Kienlin, X. Zhang, K. Yamaoka, Y. Fukazawa, Y. Hanabata, M. Ohno, T. Takahashi, M. Tashiro, Y. Terada, T. Murakami, K. Makishima, S. Barthelmy, T. Cline, N. Gehrels, J. Cummings, H. A. Krimm, D. M. Smith, E. Del Monte, M. Feroci, M. Marisaldi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present Interplanetary Network (IPN) data for the gamma-ray bursts in the first Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM) catalog. Of the 491 bursts in that catalog, covering 2008 July 12 to 2010 July 11, 427 were observed by at least one other instrument in the nine-spacecraft IPN. Of the 427, the localizations of 149 could be improved by arrival time analysis (or "triangulation") . For any given burst observed by the GBM and one other distant spacecraft, triangulation gives an annulus of possible arrival directions whose half-width varies between about 0.′4 and 32°, depending on the intensity, time history, and arrival direction of the burst, as well as the distance between the spacecraft. We find that the IPN localizations intersect the 1σ GBM error circles in only 52% of the cases, if no systematic uncertainty is assumed for the latter. If a 6° systematic uncertainty is assumed and added in quadrature, the two localization samples agree about 87% of the time, as would be expected. If we then multiply the resulting error radii by a factor of three, the two samples agree in slightly over 98% of the cases, providing a good estimate of the GBM 3σ error radius. The IPN 3σ error boxes have areas between about 1 arcmin2 and 110 deg2, and are, on the average, a factor of 180 smaller than the corresponding GBM localizations. We identify two bursts in the IPN/GBM sample that did not appear in the GBM catalog. In one case, the GBM triggered on a terrestrial gamma flash, and in the other, its origin was given as "uncertain." We also discuss the sensitivity and calibration of the IPN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number39
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume207
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Fingerprint

supplements
gamma ray bursts
catalogs
monitors
spacecraft
triangulation
bursts
arrival time
arrivals
calibration
history
interplanetary spacecraft
radii
annuli
quadratures
flash
boxes
coverings
histories
sensitivity

Keywords

  • catalogs
  • gamma-ray burst: general
  • techniques: miscellaneous

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Hurley, K., Pal'Shin, V. D., Aptekar, R. L., Golenetskii, S. V., Frederiks, D. D., Mazets, E. P., ... Marisaldi, M. (2013). The interplanetary network supplement to the fermi GBM catalog of cosmic gamma-ray bursts. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 207(2), [39]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/207/2/39

The interplanetary network supplement to the fermi GBM catalog of cosmic gamma-ray bursts. / Hurley, K.; Pal'Shin, V. D.; Aptekar, R. L.; Golenetskii, S. V.; Frederiks, D. D.; Mazets, E. P.; Svinkin, D. S.; Briggs, M. S.; Connaughton, V.; Meegan, C.; Goldsten, J.; Boynton, William V.; Fellows, C.; Harshman, K.; Mitrofanov, I. G.; Golovin, D. V.; Kozyrev, A. S.; Litvak, M. L.; Sanin, A. B.; Rau, A.; Von Kienlin, A.; Zhang, X.; Yamaoka, K.; Fukazawa, Y.; Hanabata, Y.; Ohno, M.; Takahashi, T.; Tashiro, M.; Terada, Y.; Murakami, T.; Makishima, K.; Barthelmy, S.; Cline, T.; Gehrels, N.; Cummings, J.; Krimm, H. A.; Smith, D. M.; Del Monte, E.; Feroci, M.; Marisaldi, M.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, Vol. 207, No. 2, 39, 08.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hurley, K, Pal'Shin, VD, Aptekar, RL, Golenetskii, SV, Frederiks, DD, Mazets, EP, Svinkin, DS, Briggs, MS, Connaughton, V, Meegan, C, Goldsten, J, Boynton, WV, Fellows, C, Harshman, K, Mitrofanov, IG, Golovin, DV, Kozyrev, AS, Litvak, ML, Sanin, AB, Rau, A, Von Kienlin, A, Zhang, X, Yamaoka, K, Fukazawa, Y, Hanabata, Y, Ohno, M, Takahashi, T, Tashiro, M, Terada, Y, Murakami, T, Makishima, K, Barthelmy, S, Cline, T, Gehrels, N, Cummings, J, Krimm, HA, Smith, DM, Del Monte, E, Feroci, M & Marisaldi, M 2013, 'The interplanetary network supplement to the fermi GBM catalog of cosmic gamma-ray bursts', Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, vol. 207, no. 2, 39. https://doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/207/2/39
Hurley, K. ; Pal'Shin, V. D. ; Aptekar, R. L. ; Golenetskii, S. V. ; Frederiks, D. D. ; Mazets, E. P. ; Svinkin, D. S. ; Briggs, M. S. ; Connaughton, V. ; Meegan, C. ; Goldsten, J. ; Boynton, William V. ; Fellows, C. ; Harshman, K. ; Mitrofanov, I. G. ; Golovin, D. V. ; Kozyrev, A. S. ; Litvak, M. L. ; Sanin, A. B. ; Rau, A. ; Von Kienlin, A. ; Zhang, X. ; Yamaoka, K. ; Fukazawa, Y. ; Hanabata, Y. ; Ohno, M. ; Takahashi, T. ; Tashiro, M. ; Terada, Y. ; Murakami, T. ; Makishima, K. ; Barthelmy, S. ; Cline, T. ; Gehrels, N. ; Cummings, J. ; Krimm, H. A. ; Smith, D. M. ; Del Monte, E. ; Feroci, M. ; Marisaldi, M. / The interplanetary network supplement to the fermi GBM catalog of cosmic gamma-ray bursts. In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series. 2013 ; Vol. 207, No. 2.
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abstract = "We present Interplanetary Network (IPN) data for the gamma-ray bursts in the first Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM) catalog. Of the 491 bursts in that catalog, covering 2008 July 12 to 2010 July 11, 427 were observed by at least one other instrument in the nine-spacecraft IPN. Of the 427, the localizations of 149 could be improved by arrival time analysis (or {"}triangulation{"}) . For any given burst observed by the GBM and one other distant spacecraft, triangulation gives an annulus of possible arrival directions whose half-width varies between about 0.′4 and 32°, depending on the intensity, time history, and arrival direction of the burst, as well as the distance between the spacecraft. We find that the IPN localizations intersect the 1σ GBM error circles in only 52{\%} of the cases, if no systematic uncertainty is assumed for the latter. If a 6° systematic uncertainty is assumed and added in quadrature, the two localization samples agree about 87{\%} of the time, as would be expected. If we then multiply the resulting error radii by a factor of three, the two samples agree in slightly over 98{\%} of the cases, providing a good estimate of the GBM 3σ error radius. The IPN 3σ error boxes have areas between about 1 arcmin2 and 110 deg2, and are, on the average, a factor of 180 smaller than the corresponding GBM localizations. We identify two bursts in the IPN/GBM sample that did not appear in the GBM catalog. In one case, the GBM triggered on a terrestrial gamma flash, and in the other, its origin was given as {"}uncertain.{"} We also discuss the sensitivity and calibration of the IPN.",
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T1 - The interplanetary network supplement to the fermi GBM catalog of cosmic gamma-ray bursts

AU - Hurley, K.

AU - Pal'Shin, V. D.

AU - Aptekar, R. L.

AU - Golenetskii, S. V.

AU - Frederiks, D. D.

AU - Mazets, E. P.

AU - Svinkin, D. S.

AU - Briggs, M. S.

AU - Connaughton, V.

AU - Meegan, C.

AU - Goldsten, J.

AU - Boynton, William V.

AU - Fellows, C.

AU - Harshman, K.

AU - Mitrofanov, I. G.

AU - Golovin, D. V.

AU - Kozyrev, A. S.

AU - Litvak, M. L.

AU - Sanin, A. B.

AU - Rau, A.

AU - Von Kienlin, A.

AU - Zhang, X.

AU - Yamaoka, K.

AU - Fukazawa, Y.

AU - Hanabata, Y.

AU - Ohno, M.

AU - Takahashi, T.

AU - Tashiro, M.

AU - Terada, Y.

AU - Murakami, T.

AU - Makishima, K.

AU - Barthelmy, S.

AU - Cline, T.

AU - Gehrels, N.

AU - Cummings, J.

AU - Krimm, H. A.

AU - Smith, D. M.

AU - Del Monte, E.

AU - Feroci, M.

AU - Marisaldi, M.

PY - 2013/8

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N2 - We present Interplanetary Network (IPN) data for the gamma-ray bursts in the first Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM) catalog. Of the 491 bursts in that catalog, covering 2008 July 12 to 2010 July 11, 427 were observed by at least one other instrument in the nine-spacecraft IPN. Of the 427, the localizations of 149 could be improved by arrival time analysis (or "triangulation") . For any given burst observed by the GBM and one other distant spacecraft, triangulation gives an annulus of possible arrival directions whose half-width varies between about 0.′4 and 32°, depending on the intensity, time history, and arrival direction of the burst, as well as the distance between the spacecraft. We find that the IPN localizations intersect the 1σ GBM error circles in only 52% of the cases, if no systematic uncertainty is assumed for the latter. If a 6° systematic uncertainty is assumed and added in quadrature, the two localization samples agree about 87% of the time, as would be expected. If we then multiply the resulting error radii by a factor of three, the two samples agree in slightly over 98% of the cases, providing a good estimate of the GBM 3σ error radius. The IPN 3σ error boxes have areas between about 1 arcmin2 and 110 deg2, and are, on the average, a factor of 180 smaller than the corresponding GBM localizations. We identify two bursts in the IPN/GBM sample that did not appear in the GBM catalog. In one case, the GBM triggered on a terrestrial gamma flash, and in the other, its origin was given as "uncertain." We also discuss the sensitivity and calibration of the IPN.

AB - We present Interplanetary Network (IPN) data for the gamma-ray bursts in the first Fermi Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM) catalog. Of the 491 bursts in that catalog, covering 2008 July 12 to 2010 July 11, 427 were observed by at least one other instrument in the nine-spacecraft IPN. Of the 427, the localizations of 149 could be improved by arrival time analysis (or "triangulation") . For any given burst observed by the GBM and one other distant spacecraft, triangulation gives an annulus of possible arrival directions whose half-width varies between about 0.′4 and 32°, depending on the intensity, time history, and arrival direction of the burst, as well as the distance between the spacecraft. We find that the IPN localizations intersect the 1σ GBM error circles in only 52% of the cases, if no systematic uncertainty is assumed for the latter. If a 6° systematic uncertainty is assumed and added in quadrature, the two localization samples agree about 87% of the time, as would be expected. If we then multiply the resulting error radii by a factor of three, the two samples agree in slightly over 98% of the cases, providing a good estimate of the GBM 3σ error radius. The IPN 3σ error boxes have areas between about 1 arcmin2 and 110 deg2, and are, on the average, a factor of 180 smaller than the corresponding GBM localizations. We identify two bursts in the IPN/GBM sample that did not appear in the GBM catalog. In one case, the GBM triggered on a terrestrial gamma flash, and in the other, its origin was given as "uncertain." We also discuss the sensitivity and calibration of the IPN.

KW - catalogs

KW - gamma-ray burst: general

KW - techniques: miscellaneous

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